Bible Prophecy Research
Title: The Temple
Submitted by: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date: May 30, 1998
Please read the excellent book (online) The Temple: Its Ministry and Services by
Alfred Edersheim for many, many parallels found in the book of Revelation. The book
expounds on the Temple "as it was in the time of Christ," and helps explain much
of the imagery used by John. "Indeed, the Apocalypse, as a whole, may be likened to
the Temple services in its meaning of prophetic symbols with worship and praise."
MIKDASH IN MINIATURE: CATRIEL'S MODELS
(Originally Published in Viewpoint, Spring 1998, p.27-29)
At a packed Melave Malka at the Young Israel of East
Northport, Long Island, New York, the crowd watches intensely as the guest speaker clicks
a slide into place. On the screen appears a photo of -- no, it's not possible, but it
really looks like -- the Beit HaMikdash as seen from the Eastern Gate. Someone gasps.
Another click and the Beit HaMikdash can be seen from an aerial view. What magic is this?
The wizardry of Catriel Sugarman, artiste extrodinaire, who has created an incredibly
detailed model of the Second Beit HaMikdash.
Catriel, an artist who sculpts in fine woods, based in
Jerusalem, was approached a couple of years ago and asked to build a model of the Beit
HaMikdash. He accepted the assignment, little realizing the time and amount of work this
commission would take.
Before Catriel and his staff started, they had to do some
serious research. Although Catriel -- like every other yeshiva boy -- had learned about
the Beit HaMikdash in classes, it had been a little bit, a long time ago. He relearned the
Mishnayot of Middot, Tamid, Yoma, parts of Sukkah, Shekalim, and many others along with
the appropriate Gemarot. He also studied the classic commentaries: Rashi, Rambam,
Bartenura, Tosafot Yom Tov, Tiferet Yisrael, and the Chanukat HaBayit. He also carefully
read the writings of Josephus and various articles in archaeological and Biblical studies
journals. Only after he felt that he had at least a nodding acquaintance with the sources,
could he start preparing the architectural drawings.
Catriel did not look to improve on existing models. He
started from the very beginning as if no model had ever been built before. After many
months of research and preparation, Catriel and his staff started to cut wood for the
model. As month followed month, the Beit HaMikdash began to slowly take shape in all its
detail and, slowly its majestic beauty began to appear. Visitors to the shop would note
the progress and wish the project well and, of course, ask questions about why one opinion
was chosen over another. Finally, after a year and a half of intense labor, the commission
was concluded with great joy.
Catriel's model is a 1:125 scale model of the
architectural wonder that was the second (Herod's) Beit HaMikdash. Four mm equals one
amah. The wood used in making the model was mainly maple, and the "gold" is
mainly gilded silver. The intricate wood working that makes up the model consists of
literally thousands of components. There are nearly 8,000 tiny wooden squares fro the
flooring alone. The walls of the structure resemble Jerusalem stone, and the granulations
of stairs (many hidden behind the walls) reinforce the impression of reality. Crafted by
brilliant silversmiths who work with Catriel, the metal work -- which is in a class by
itself -- shows both obsession with detail and diligent adherence to the original sources.
The gorgeous Grecian-Egyptian embellishments of the Nicanor gates reflect their
Alexandrian origin and the 15mm Menorah has every Koftor VaFerach (ball and flower). The
incredibly complicated Shluchan (table for the Lechem HaPanim -- show bread) has no less
than 81 welding points.
Seeing the model from the front, one can picture the Olei
Regel (pilgrims) entering the Temple through the Eastern Gate, preceding through the Ezrat
Nashim (Women's Outer Courtyard). In the four corners of the Ezrat Nashim are rooms that
were used for various Temple activities such as sorting the wood that will be used on the
Mizbeach (altar). There is a chamber for Nezirim (Nazarites) to finish their process of
purification and a place for them to eat from their peace offerings. There is a storeroom
for oil and wine and, finally, a closed area where Mikvaot are located for lepers; indeed
for all men who which to go up the famous 15 stairs and through the Nicanor Gate. Entering
through this gate leads to the Ezrat Yisrael (Inner Courtyard) which is as far as an
"ordinary" Israelite can usually go.
Imagine having gone to the Mikvah, ascended the steps and
gone through the Nicanor Gate. Before you are the platform where the Leviim stand when
they play their musical instruments and sing Tehillim during the times of sacrifices.
Behind the singers is the mighty, smoking Mizbeach upon which the sacrifices are offered.
Above looms the fabulous gold plated facade of the great Sanctuary which is as high as a
17-story building. Josephus states in his histories that when the sun came up, it was so
bright that people simply had to turn their eyes away for fear of being blinded. The other
sides of the Sanctuary are pure white -- "like a mountain covered with snow".
Past the colossal 40 amot tall entrance to the Ulam are the golden doors leading to the
Heichal. They are flanked by towering pillars which support huge huge cedar-wood beams
along with the famed golden vine (a symbol of the "Congregation of Israel").
Inside the gold-plated walls of the Heichal, the exquisite Menorah, the Shulchan and the
Golden Mizbeach for incense are visible against the background of the renowned curtains
which separate the holy are from the Kodesh HaKodashim (Holy of Holies). All this you can
imagine as you look at Catriel's model. These and hundreds of other fine points are
One of the more interesting features of this incredible
reproduction is that the inside of the Temple can be revealed by a deft sliding away of
walls and roofs. This exposes the beauty of the Ulam, the glory of the Heichal and the
hidden Aliyah (second story). It brings to life literally scores of Mishnayot By sliding
the roof off the Beit HaMoked (the Chamber of the Hearth), an observer can see where the
Kohanim slept, where the keys of the Temple were kept at night and how the Kohanim warmed
their feet during the cold Jerusalem winter. By lifting up the facade of the Ulam, one can
see where last week's Lechem HaPanim was placed and distributed among the Kohanim of the
Mishmar. By removing the roof of the Lishkat HaGazit (Chamber of Hewn Stone), one can
wonder at the seating arrangements of the Sanhedrin, the Supreme Court. By removing the
roof of the Aliya, one can see the holes cut into the floor above the Kodesh HaKodashim.
Once every seven years, artisans would be lowered in boxes closed on three sides (the tiny
boxes can be seen as well) into the Kodesh HaKodashim to clean the walls. The boxes would
be closed on three sides so the cleaners could not look around and see what they were not
meant to see -- and neither can we as that is one part of the Beit HaMikdash Catriel did
Unfortunately for those of us who do not wish to be
satisfied with photos, Catriel did not keep his model. After completing the commission, he
sent the model to the one who commissioned it. But Catriel is happy. "What remains
with me, aside from the breathtaking pictures and slides," he says, "is the
satisfaction of completing a project of this magnitude and , far more important, acquiring
a great deal of Torah learning which perhaps I would not have done otherwise."
After all, Catriel notes, the best way to learn about a
building is to build it -- even in miniature. He is proud of the fact that the Rav of
HaTenu'ah LeChinun HaMikdash (the Movement for the Establishment of the Temple) graciously
inscribe in Catriel's guest book, "may it be Thy will that architects and engineers
study this model when the time comes for 'Beniyah Bashetach', when the construction of the
real Beit HaMikdash begins."
VEYIBANE BEIT HAMIKDASH BIMHERA BEYAMENU
(MIKDASH-BUILD, 1 Adar 5758, Volume II, Number 8)
For more information on the slide show of the Beit
HaMikdash model, contact: Catriel, 18 Shlomtzion HaMalka Street, Jerusalem, ISRAEL.
Telephone: +972-2-624-5269, +972-2-652-4495. Email: email@example.com
Build Home Page
(This site is so hard to access and view the pictures of the model that I have downloaded
one of the pictures and added it below. The caption under the picture is from the
"View of Mikdash from East to West,
dominated by the gold facade of the Main Sanctuary (Heichal), as described by
Site of Solomon's Temple by Nathan L. Kaplan (this particular study is now inactive but there is much more info at this url regarding the Temple).
The study includes many illustrations:
Please see "Commentary on the New Testament from the
Talmud and Hebraica, A Chorographical
Century" by John Lightfoot for a physical description of the Temple and its
environs (especially #21-35).
Holy of Holies of Solomon’s Temple Discovered Under
Temple Mount Plaza in Jerusalem
Summary: Messianic Jewish believer tells an unbelievable
tale of what she witnessed first-hand under the Temple Mount.
Sister E., a Messianic Jewish believer, reports that in
the fall of 1996, acting as a "nurse-helper," she accompanied a very elderly
group of Jews from many countries on a Hebrew-speaking tour which went under the Temple
Mount in Jerusalem.
There were two police check points in the access tunnel,
which came after the last place where Gentiles can presently go. Sister E. reports that
the tour guide pushed a button on a wall-mounted console, and a heavy door opened into a
huge chamber, under a portion of the Temple Mount Plaza above.
The chamber contained a model of the to-be-built [Third]
Temple, plus many other rooms which were not shown to the people on the tour. The tour
guide said that they had located the Holy of Holies of Solomon’s Temple, and that
they could begin Levitical law worship at any time (if they were not, in fact already
doing it, and were stopped on March 13, 1997). There is more rationale/facts to be
explained than what is written here.
They had a model of the Temple and they were training
rabbis in Levitical worship. They stated that they could build a full-sizedTemple in three
days. The blocks, etc. have already been cut, as we all know.
It appears that Herod built an encased
"sub-basement" under the Second Temple, with double "Wailing
wall-type" stones all around. Inside the huge "encasement/foundation"
stones was then hidden the remains of Solomon’s Temple, including the floor plan,
etc. which was not found by the Romans in 70 A.D.
Unknown by the general population, the Israelis have now
excavated the whole area and pillared the entire Solomon/Ezra’s [the first/smaller]
Temple Area, and concealed it all just under the Temple Mount Plaza above!
"The place was cavernous and echoed, it was so large
under there," reported Sister E.
(Midnight Herald Featured Article #2)
Take a Breathtaking Tour of the 2nd Beis
Listen to Gershon Solomon—The Rebuilding of the Temple on The Missler Report:
Date: September 22-26, 1997
(each show 10 minutes long)