Bible Prophecy Research
Submitted by: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date: December 19, 1998
"And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These
things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges; I know thy works and where thou
dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied
my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among
you, where Satan dwelleth. But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there
them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before
the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. So
hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate.
Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword
of my mouth. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To
him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white
stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth
[contributor's comments in brackets]
See "The Two Babylons: The Great Red Dragon."
"The church at Pergamum was engulfed by a city that was largely pagan and devoted
to idol worship. Pagan cults as Athena, Asclepius, Dionysus and Zeus had an important
place in their local religious observance. The town also boasted a library of 200,000
volumes and was noted for its paper, and paper itself was called 'pergamena.'"
(Prophecy Knowledge Handbook, John Walvoord)
"The city of Pergamos was a blend of political power, pagan worship, and academic
sophistication at its university. It was the capital city of Asia Minor, and royal
officials filled it with beautiful palaces, temples and idols.
"There was an altar to Zeus that was a wonder of the ancient world. The patron god
of the city was Esculapius, the god of healing. In his temple a living serpent was the
symbol of worship." [the sign of doctors?]
"Pergamos also contained a temple to Octavius Caesar where Caesar-worship
flourished. Each citizen was required to offer incense to the emperor once a year and
declare that Caesar was Lord."
(There's A New World Coming, Hal Lindsey)
"Pergamos...The name was originally given to a remarkable hill, presenting a
conical appearance when viewed from the plain. The local legends attached a sacred
character to this place. Upon it the Cabiri were said to have been witnesses of the birth
of Zeus...The greatest glory of the city was the so-called Nicephorium, a grove of extreme
beauty, laid out as a thank-offering for a victory over Antiochus, in which was an
assemblage of temples, probably all the deities, Zeus, Athene, Apollo, Aesculapius,
Dionysus, and Aphrodite.
"The sumptuousness of the Attalic princes had raised Pergamos to the rank of the
first city in Asia as regards splendour, and Pliny speaks of it as without a rival in the
province. Its prominence, however, was not that of a commerical town, like Ephesus or
Corinth, but arose from its peculiar features. It was a sort of union of a pagan cathedral
city, an university town, and a royal residence, embellished during a succession of years
by kings who all had a passion for expenditure and ample means of gratifying it."
(Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, 1872)
"...we now know that Asclepius' major shrine at Pergamum required the offering of
a piglet before entry into its Greater Incubation Chamber...Asclepius prescribed the
rarest remedies to patients who saw him in dreams...clients asked a priest to dream on
their behalf when they were having a lean time at night.
"[The oracle of Apollo (the archer) of Claros dated around 160 AD regarding the
plague (small pox?) and what to do about it] moves in stately hexameter and spends the
first nine lines on flattery of the citizens' ancestry, their closeness to the gods and
their special honor from Zeus himself. On Pergamum's steep hilll, said Apollo, the infant
Zeus had been placed just after childbirth: his statement refuted a host of competing
cities which claimed that they, not Pergamum, had received the newly born god. It was no
wonder that the people and council of Pergamum decreed that the reply should be inscribed
on pillars and displayed 'on the agora and the temples.' It [the oracle] also offered
advice...Apollo wished to please his son, Asclepius...so he told the leader of Pergamum's
delegation to return and divide the city's youth into four separate groups...and he told
each of their groups to sing a hymn to a particular god while their fellow citizens
feasted and sacrificed in support. This festivity was to last for seven days...Each
libation was to be joined by prayers that the plague might depart...The young men's hymn
to Zeus happens to survive in Pergamum, a splendid composition which calls on Zeus to
'come propitiously' and honor the city with his presence...He was the 'dweller on the
heights of the Titans,' the realm of the Sun, and was the ultimate master of the crops and
(Pagans and Christians, Robin Lane Fox)
See the online book The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia by W. M. Ramsay
Please see Secret Societies and Their Infiltration of the Seven Churches of Revelation
See also Antipas
See also Balaam
See also The Seven Churches in Revelation
See also '...like a jasper and a sardine stone...'
See also Nicolaitanes.
See also White Stone.