Bible Prophecy Research
Title: "...when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies..."
Submitted by: email@example.com
Date: August 17, 1998
'...when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with
"And when ye shall see Jerusalem
compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh."--Luke 21:20
Number in Scripture
Its Supernatural Design and Spiritual Significance
E. W. Bullinger (1837-1913)
The Sieges of Jerusalem
have been 27 in number, or three times nine, and
they are stamped with the number of Divine completenss (3) and the number of judgment (9).
As the significance of other numbers is involved and illustrated in these 27, we give a
complete list of all Jerusalem's sieges.
1. By the children of Judah against the Jebusites (Judg
1:8) about 1425 BC, and as this is the first, we may note the solemn words which so
vividly stamp, from the first, what was to be the after history of the city,--"Now
the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it,and smitten it with
the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire." This was about 1400 BC, or 700
years before Rome was founded. This siege was only partial, for in David's reign we still
find the Jebusites occupying the citadel.
2. By David against the Jebusites (2 Sam 5:6-10; 1 Chron
12:23-39), about 1046 BC.
3. By Shishak, king of Egypt, against Rehoboam (2 Chron
12:9; 1 Kings 14:25,26), about 971 BC. To this there was only a feeble resistance, and the
Temple was plundered.
4. By the Philistines, Arabians, and Ethiopians against
Jehoram (2 Chron 21:16), about 887 BC. In this siege the royal palace was sacked, and the
Temple again plundered.
5. By Jehoash, king of Israel, against Amaziah, king of
Judah (2 Kings 14:13,14), about 826 BC. The wall was broken down and the city and Temple
6. Rezin, king of Syria, and Pekah, king of Israel,
against Ahaz (2 Chron 28), about 841 BC. The city held out, but Ahaz sought the aid of
Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria, who stripped the Temple.
7. By Sennacherib, king of Assyria, against Hezekiah (2
Chron 32), about 713 BC. In this case the siege was raised by a Divine interposition, as
foretold by Isaiah the prophet.
8. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, against Jehoiakim (2
Chron 36:7), about 606 BC, when the Temple was partly pillaged.
9. By Nebuchadnezzar again, against Jehoiachin (2 Chron
36:10), about 599 BC, when the pillage of the Temple was completed and 10,000 people
10. By Nebuchadnezzar, BC 590-585, against Zedekiah (2
Chron 36:17-20), when the overthrow was complete, the Temple burnt with fire, * and the
city lay desolate for 50 years. After some 58 years, it was again besieged.
* It was in the ninth year of
Nebuchadnezzar that the house of God was burnt; and on the ninth day of the fourth
month that the famine prevailed (2 Kings 25). It may be noted also here, that it was in
the ninth year of Hosea that the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel
away (2 Kings 17:6).
11. By Ptolemy Soter, king of Egypt, against the Jews (320
BC). More than 100,000 captives were taken to Egypt.
12. By Antiochus the Great, about 203 BC.
13. By Scopus, a general of Alexander, about 199 BC, who
left a garrison.
14. By Antiochus again, 168 BC, the worst siege since No.
10. The whole city was pillaged, 10,000 captives taken, the walls were destroyed, the
altar was defiled, ancient manuscripts perished, the finest buildings were burned, and the
Jews were forbidden to worship there. This was the Preteritist fulfilment of
Daniel's prophecy (9 and 11), and a foreshadowing example of what the Futurist
fulfilment will yet be.
15. By Antiochus again, about 162 BC, against Judas
Maccabaeus. This time honourable terms were made, and certain privileges were secured.
16. By Antiochus Sidetes, king of Syria, against John
Hyrcanus, about 135 BC.
17. By Hyrcanus (son of Alex. Jannaeus) and the Priest
Aristobulus. The siege was raised by Scaurus, one of Pompey's lieutenants, about 65 BC.
18. By Pompey, against Aristobulus, about 63 BC. The
machines were moved on the Sabbath, when the Jews made no resistance. Only thus was it
then reduced; 12,000 Jews were slain.
19. * Herod with a Roman army besieged the city in 39 BC
for five months.
* Antigonus, son of Aristobulus, with a
Parthian army took the city in 40 BC; but there was no siege, the city was taken by sudden
20. By Titus AD 70. At this memorable siege the conquest
was complete. The Second Temple (Herod's) was burnt (in spite of Titus' orders).
The tenth legion was left to carry out the work of destruction, and for another 50 years
the city again disappears from history, as it did after the tenth siege.
21. The Romans had again to besiege the city in 135 AD
against the false Messiah, Bar-Cochebas, who had acquired possession of the ruins. Not
much is known of this, perhaps the most awful of all the sieges. So great and severe was
the struggle, that Hadrian, in announcing to the Roman Senate the conclusion of the war,
refrained from using the usual congratulatory phrase. The city was now obliterated. Its
very name was changed, and it was renamed Aelia Capitolinus. A Temple was erected
to Jupiter, and a statue of Hadrian placed on the site of the Holy of Holies. For 200
years the city passed out of history, no Jews being permitted to approach it.
* So great was the relief which Rome
experienced by this suppression of Jerusalem and the Jews, that the toast became common at
Roman feasts, "Hierosolyma Est Perdita," "Jerusalem is destroyed," the
guests immediately greeting it with the shout Hurrah. This is the origin of our
"Hep! Hep! Hurrah," H, E, P, being the abbreviation of the three words, formed
by their initial letters (on the principle known as Notarica, or Notricon).
To this day Hep or Hip is said by only one person, the rest joining in the
shout which greets it!
22. After 400 years of so-called Christian colonization,
Chosroes the Persian (about 559 AD) swept through the country; thousands were massacred,
and the church of the Holy Sepulchre was destroyed. The Emperor Heraclius afterwards
defeated him, and restored the city and the church.
23. The Caliph Omar, in 636-7 AD, besieged the city
against Heraclius, and after a feeble resistance, followed by capitulation on favourable
terms, the city passed into the hands of the Turks, thus marking one of the most important
events connected with it and with chronology.
24. Afdal, the Vizier of the Caliph of Egypt, besieged the
two rival factions of Moslems, and pillaged the city in 1098.
25. In 1099 it was besieged by the army of the first
26. In 1187 it was besieged by Saladin for seven weeks.
27. The wild Kharezmian hordes, in 1244, captured and
plundered the city, slaughtering the monks and priests.
It seemed necessary to give this brief outline, because of
several points which arise out of it. The list was made, in the first instance, without
any reference whatever to "Number in Scripture." It was not till some time
after, in considering the number nine as the number of judgment, that we
noted the fact, that the number of these sieges was 27, or three times nine, and
thus we saw the significance of the number.
Then, without looking at the list, we anticipated that
there would be something peculiar about the numbers 10 and 20, ten being the number
of ordinal perfection, and marking some cycle of completeness. So it proved on
examination, for both the tenth and twentieth sieges were marked by the
destruction of the Temple by fire! The tenth witnessed the destruction of Solomon's
Temple by Nebuchadnezzar; the twentieth saw the destruction of Herod's Temple under
It was next felt that seven being the number of spiritual
perfection, there would be something to mark off the seventh, fourteenth,
and twenty-first sieges from all the others, and to connect them in some way with
the perfection of Divine Revelation. So it proved on examination. These three were each
the subject of Divine Prophecy! The seventh in 2 Chronicles 32; the Fourteenth
in Daniel 11; the twenty-first in Luke 19:43, 44. And there is a siege yet
future--a twenty-eighth siege--which is also foretold in Scripture (see Zech
14, etc.). These four form an epanodos, the first corresponding to the fourth
(the first and fourth sieges in each case being raised by Divine
interposition); while the second corresponds to the third in the terrible
character of each, thus:
A. The 7th--Sennacherib. The siege raised by a miraculous
interposiiton by an angel from heaven (2 Chron 32).
B. The 14th--antiochus (Dan 11)--one of the most awful.
B. The 21st--Hadrian (Luke 19:43,44)--one of the most
A. The 28th--Antichrist. Yet future. But the siege will be
raised by a glorious deliverance, not by an angel, but by the Lord Himself coming from
heaven (Zech 14).
Egyptian-Palestinian Military Meetings
Military cooperation between Egypt and the Palestinian Authority has apparently begun. An
official Palestinian military delegation made an official visit to the Egyptian army, at
the invitation of the Egyptian armed forces. PA neswpaper Al-Hayat al-Jadida reports that
the visit included many meetings, including one with the Egyptian Chief of Staff. The Oslo
accords stipulate that the PA is forbidden from establishing an army. A month ago, the
Egyptian ambassador to the PA threatened that his country would offer military aid to the
PA in case of a clash with Israel.
(Arutz-7 News: November 17-18, 1997)
THE MID-EAST DISPATCH
UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY CONDEMNS ISRAEL
The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly condemned Israel in
an emergency session yesterday for its settlement policies. Israel's unwillingness to halt
construction in the Har Homa neighborhood of Jerusalem was the main issue at the 139-3
(US, Israel, Micronesia voted nay) vote. There were 13 abstentions.
EGYPT SAYS "ME TOO!" TO ISLAM ALLIANCE
Egypt is attempting to join the Iran-Iraq-Syria alliance.
Akbar al-Yom reports that Mubarak, in his recent visit to Damascus, authorized Syrian
President Assad to speak about this with the Iranians.
(November 13, 1997)
PRESSURE FROM ALL SIDES - EU JOINS IN:
Senior British officials Thursday set Europe and Israel on a collision course, when they
said London will exert intense pressure on Israel to be more forthcoming in the peace
process after Britain assumes the presidency of the European Union (EU) on January 1.They
signaled that, despite Israeli objections, Europe now intends to translate its formidable
economic power into political clout and become a major player in the peace process. The
officials left no doubt that they hold Israel exclusively to blame for the lack of
progress. They highlighted three areas where Britain would concentrate its efforts:
support for the US formula of a "time-out" on settlements; support for a
"credible and substantial" further redeployment in Judea, Samaria and Gaza; and
support for improved security cooperation between Israel and the Palestinians.
In another development, the EU's 'Luxembourg Declaration'
has created cause for alarm. The declaration, which was adopted by the 15 EU heads of
government last Saturday (12-13-97), commits Europe to: * "enhance its support to
Palestinian institutions in East Jerusalem;" * offer "specific suggestions"
on final-status issues, such as "possible Palestinian statehood, borders/security
arrangements, settlements, refugees, Jerusalem, and water issues;" and * continue
using its "watch instruments" to monitor developments on human rights,
Jerusalem, and settlements. Only one of the 18 points relating to the peace process in the
declaration "recalled the EU's determination to fight terrorism where it occurs and
for whatever reason." (Jerusalem Post)
(F.Y.I. - Israel in the News, Week Ending: December 20,
1997/21 Kislev 5758)
The Jewish Community of Hebron Hostage
Hebron-Past, Present & Forever
But not only is Hebron being held hostage. The State of
Israel is being held hostage, not by the Arabs, but by ourselves. Just as the Jewish
Community of Hebron is surrounded by hills filled with armed terrorists, so too is Israel
surrounded. Not by hills, but by mountains of fear, doubt, and anxiety. Until our
self-image changes and we realize that Erez Yisrael belongs to us, and that we really do
have a legitimate right to be here, we will continue to cower behind apologetics that,
sixty years ago, resulted in a holocaust. We must stop regretting our existence and stop
flinching every time Arafat, or anyone else, flexes his muscles. After fifty years of
statehood, it's time to start growing up. (3/98)
UN VOTES TO CONDEMN ISRAEL: The United Nations General
Assembly (GA) voted overwhelmingly to condemn Israel for its continued policy of
"settlement." The international body, which resumed its tenth emergency special
session on Tuesday, voted 120 in favor, 3 opposed and 5 abstentions. It was also decided
to convene a meeting in Geneva, at which time the matter of continued construction and the
relevant issues concerning the previous Geneva conventions would be discussed. David
Westin, the UN Ambassador from the European Union spoke of the continued "illegal
Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank [Judea and Samaria] as well as
Jerusalem." The GA reiterated its decision that should Israel continue its lack of
compliance with previous resolutions, it would reconsider the situation in order to make
further appropriate recommendations to Member States.
(F.Y.I. - Israel in the News, Week Ending: March 21,
1998/23 Adar 5758)
Mini-Arab Summit in Morocco To Assess Israeli
Kuwait Radio Kuwait in Arabic 1400 GMT 10 Apr 98
Press reports published in Rabat today say that the
Moroccan capital will soon host a mini-Arab summit to discuss the peace process in the
Reports indicate that the summit, in which the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Syria, the Palestinian Authority, and representatives from Morocco
and Lebanon will take part, will prepare an Arab plan to confront Israeli intransigence.
Ireland Agreement Seen Affecting Peace Process Efforts
Ma'ariv in Hebrew 12 Apr 98 p 5
by Hemi Shalev "We Are Even More Alone"
There are few violent conflicts based on a lethal
combination of religion, nationality, and territory left in the Western world. Now that an
agreement has been reached in Ireland, the number of such flagrant disputes has gone down
even more. Although the hot weather indicates otherwise, most Israelis still view
themselves as part of the civilized, enlightened, and usually chilly Western world. As of
today, Israel has become more of an oddity in this world, more alone than before.
What is more important is that the settlement in Ireland
may have practical and direct repercussions on the peace process in our region, if only
due to the simple fact that it will provide renewed momentum to the international,
especially American, desire to solve conflicts wherever they may be.
One must not forget that the agreement in Belfast was
reached by a U.S. mediator with the backing of a resolute President who did not heed his
advisers' warnings and did not fear the reaction of the Irish lobby, which is no less
powerful than the Jewish one. Clinton said that his conclusion from the Ireland agreement
was that "one should never stop," not even in the Middle East.
The diplomatic achievement in Ireland will make a hero of
British Premier Tony Blair, who is due here in a few days. In contrast, Israel has now
been deprived of the grounds for its traditional reaction in the past to any British
involvement. Israeli politicians will not longer be able to say "First solve your
troubles in Northern Ireland, and then talk to us," the punch line used not too long
ago with Foreign Secretary Robin Cook.
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