This concept of having different colors representing
different directions seems to be pretty universal so I tried applying the same thing to
the four horsemen in Revelation chapter 6. Here's what I came up with.
In Numbers 2 there is a breakdown of how the tribes of
Israel were to camp around the tabernacle in the wilderness. On the east side was the main
camp of Judah (4th son of Jacob); west side Ephraim (Joseph=11th son); north Dan (5th
son); south Reuben (1st son). I, at first, thought the stones in the breastplate of the
high priest that went along with each one of these sons would correspond to the colors of
the horsemen (white, red, black, pale) but it didn't work. There is absolutely no
concensus on exactly what each of the stones are so we don't know what colors they are. I
could've played around with them and made them fit but it seemed to be too much noodling
I then checked out the 12 foundations in the New Jerusalem
in Revelation 21:19-20 (although these refer to the apostles) and the definitions seemed
to fit perfectly with the first reference work I checked (Online Bible Greek lexicon).
Here it is with a lot less noodling but I've gotta confess I stopped looking after the
And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious
stones. The first foundation was jasper;...the fourth, an emerald; The fifth,
sardonyx;...the eleventh, a jacinth...
1st=Reuben=south=jasper=Greek iaspis=Pliny speaks of a
white jasper although there are many colors for jaspers.
4th=Judah=east=emerald=Greek smaragdos=transparent gem
noted for its light green color
huakinthos=precious stone of a dark blue merging on black color
Now to add this information to the beginning of Revelation
6 (with Jerusalem as the central point):
Rev 6:1,2 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it
were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see. And I saw, and
behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him:
and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
Rev 6:3,4 And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast
say, Come and see. And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to
him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another:
and there was given unto him a great sword.
Rev 6:5,6 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say,
Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of
balances in his hand. And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure
of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the
oil and the wine.
Rev 6:7,8 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the
fourth beast say, Come and see. And I looked, and behold a pale [Greek chloros=green;
yellowish pale] horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him.
And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and
with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.
Here are a couple more items with regards to color:
The Khawarij were the first Islamic group to emerge after the assassination of
Caliph Uthman III, forming the first republican party in the early days of Islam. Their
symbol was the red flag. Arab tribes who participated in the conquest of North Africa and
Andalusia carried the red flag, which became the symbol of the Islamic rulers of Andalusia
(756-1355). In modern times, red symbolizes the Ashrafs [ie. Sharifians] of the Hijaz and
the Hashemites, descendants of the Prophet.
Green: The Fatimid Dynasty (909-1171), North
The Fatimid Dynasty was founded in Morocco by Abdullah Al-Mahdi, and went on rule
all of North Africa. They took green as their color, to symbolize their allegiance to Ali,
the Prophet's cousin, who was once wrapped in a green coverlet in place of the Prophet in
order to thwart an assassination attempt.
White: The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750), Damascus
The Umayyads ruled for ninety years, taking white as their symbolic color as a
reminder of the Prophet's first battle at Badr, and to distinguish themselves from the
Abbasids, by using white, rather than black, as their color of mourning. Mu'awia Ibn Abi
Sufian (661-750), founder of the Umayyad state, proclaimed himself Caliph of Jerusalem.
Black: The Prophet Mohammad (570-632)
In the seventh century, with the rise of Islam and subsequent liberation of
Mecca, two flags - one white, one black - were carried. On the white flag was written,
"There is no god but God (Allah) and Mohammad is the Prophet of God." In
pre-Islamic times, the black flag was a sign of revenge. It was the color of the headdress
worn when leading troops into battle. Both black and white flags were placed in the mosque
during Friday prayers. The Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258), ruling from Baghdad, took black as
a symbol of mourning for the assassination of relatives of the Prophet and in remembrance
of the Battle of Karbala.
It is interesting to compare the black horse above. Why
are there scales, when the wheat and barley are measured by volume?
Awfully expensive items; I wonder if these grains symbolize two distinct groups of people.
Hmmm. The unit of currency is the denarius, of which the word "dinar" evolved.
Introducing the New Islamic Dinar and Durham: http://www.murabitun.org/WITO/intro.html
This new gold standard currency is of course, a specific
measure of gold by weight.
Also, concerning the colors of the breastplates in
Revelation 9. Compare the Armenian flag: (http://www.stm.it/elections/election/maps/armenia.htm;
link no longer active; please contact us if URL is redirected to a questionable
Here is a map of Armenia over the ages: (http://www.armeniaemb.org/geninfo/history.htm;
link no longer active; please contact us if URL is redirected to a questionable
Greater Armenia included most of Eastern Anatolia,
including a good portion of the Euphrates. One day, out of the blue, I noticed in Rev 16
that the Greek for "kings of the east" looked awfully
familiar..."east", meaning literally "rising of the sun". The Greek
word for rising happens to be "anatole".
Armenia... land-locked and smack in the middle of the
Caspian oil situation. A volitile region, to say the least. Isn't that special.
"...in [Revelation] 6:2 the
bowman sitting on a white horse, to whom a crown was given, is the Parthian king. The bow
was not a Roman weapon: it was not used in Roman armies except by a few auxiliaries levied
among outlying tribes, who carried their national weapon. The Parthian weapon was the bow;
the warriors were all horsemen; and they could use the bow as well when they were fleeing
as when they were charging. The writers of that period often mention the Parthian terror
on the East, and their devastating incursions were so much dreaded at that time that
Trajan undertook a Parthian war in 115. Virgil foretells a Roman victory: the bow and the
horse have been useless:--
With backward bows the Parthians shall be there,
And, spurring from the fight, confess their fear.
Colour was also an important and significant detail. The
Parthian king in 6:2 rides on a white horse. White had been the sacred colour among the
old Persians, for whom the Parthians stood in later times; and sacred white horses
accompanied every Persian army. The commentators who try to force a Roman meaning on this
figure say that the Roman general, when celebrating a Triumph, rode on a white horse. This
is a mistake; the general in a Triumph wore the purple and gold-embroidered robes of
Jupiter, and was borne like the god in a four-horse car.
The use of colour here as symbolical is illustrated by the
custom of Tamerlane. When he laid siege to a city, he put up white tents, indicating
clemency to the enemy. If resistance was prolonged forty days, he changed the tents, and
put up red ones, portending a bloody capture. If obstinate resistance was persisted in for
other forty days, black tents were substituted: the city was to be sacked with a general
massacre. The meaning of the colours differs; there was no universal principle of
interpretation; significance depended to some extent on circumstances and individual
The Letters to
the Seven Churches of Asia
W. M. Ramsay
Correspondence on the Bible Prophecy Research mailing
I think these 4 horses [Rev 6:1-8]
correlate to the ones in Zechariah 6:1-8 where an angel explains that "These are the
four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the
earth." Another interesting thing about the Zechariah horses is that they go in
specific directions with the white ones going north.
That is interesting. How do you interpret
the northerly direction?
What significance do you find in that?
Let me first say that I do believe that scripture explains
scripture and the only thing that comes close to the 4 horses in Revelation 6:1-8 are the
four chariots/horses in Zechariah 6:1-8 (even the numbering of the chapters and verses
seems to jibe). This is just a skeleton explanation and needs some fleshing out, but here
And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came four chariots
out from between two mountains; and the mountains were mountains of brass. In the
first chariot were red horses; and in the second chariot black horses; And in the
third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses. Then I
answered and said unto the angel that talked with me, What are these, my lord? And
the angel answered and said unto me, These are the four spirits of the heavens,
which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth. The black horses which are
therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the
grisled go forth toward the south country. And the bay went forth, and sought to go that
they might walk to and fro through the earth: and he said, Get you hence, walk to and fro
through the earth. So they walked to and fro through the earth. Then cried he upon me, and
spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my
spirit in the north country."
Zech 6:1-8 has 4 chariots with the horses IN them (this
has to be one of the funniest sights in scripture--horses inside instead of pulling the
chariots) in this order:
4a. grisled (spotted, marked) and
4b. bay (dappled [spotted with different colors], piebald [of different colors; esp:
spotted or blotched with black and white])
It doesn't say how many horses are in each chariot.
Revelation 6:1-8 horses--just one horse:
4. pale (green, sickly) marked with leprosy? This horse has two people connected with
it--Death and Hell (grisled and bay?)
Another thing I've been kicking around is the fact that
this horse is green and it's going to go either south or to and fro through the earth (see
below). Green seems to be the predominant color in the Middle East (and Greenpeace and the
greenies trying to fix the environment). Hamas waves green flags, the flags of the world
with green in them include: Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jordan,
Lebanon, Libya, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Wales.
Zechariah explains where the horses in their chariots go:
1. black into north country
3rd seal, black horse; "and he that sat on him had a
pair of balances in his hand...A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of
barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine. Are we seeing this in
2. white go into north country after the black
1st seal; "he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown
was given unto him: and he went forth conquering and to conquer.
3. grisled go into the south
4. bay go to and fro through the earth
#3 and 4 constitute the 4th seal, pale horse "and his
name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them
over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death,
and with the beasts of the earth.
5. red are not given a specific direction
2nd seal; "and power was given to him that sat
thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was
given unto him a great sword.] The bay seem to actually be pacing back and forth while the
red here just seem to be everywhere all the time?
I don't have any ideas why the order of the horses is
different all the time.
Zechariah ends with:
"Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying,
Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north
Why aren't the other directions mentioned? I have no
clues. Any ideas?
Zechariah ends with:
"Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that
go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north
Why aren't the other directions mentioned? I have no clues. Any
Well, I will give it a shot, Moza. I looked up the phrase
"quieted my spirit" in Strong's and Thayer's and what I got from it was that it
meant literally to "put it to sleep".
5117 nuwach (noo'-akh); a primitive root; to rest, i.e.
settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literal and figurative,
intransitive, transitive and causative (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone,
withdraw, give comfort, etc.): KJV-- cease, be confederate, lay, let down, (be) quiet,
remain, (cause to, be at, give, have, make to) rest, set down. Compare 3241.
3241 Yaniym (yaw-neem'); from 5123; asleep; Janim, a place
in Palestine: -Janum [from the margin].
While I know the black horse represents famine, I don't
interpret it to mean a famine of food necessarily. The phrase corn, wine and oil abounds
in the minor prophets (which are all end-time related books)...I think they have a
symbolic meaning as follows:
corn = any plantable seed, used interchangeably with wheat
and barley ... symbolic of the knowledge of Word of God that we spread by planting seeds
in the soil of people's minds (recall the Parable of the Sower Sowing Seed)
wine = real understanding of the Word ... remember the new
wine in old skins analogy
oil = the presence of the Holy Spirit
Since I know from Amos 8:11 that the end-times famine of
our Father is NOT for bread and wine but a famine for the Word of God ... I suggest that
the black horse is not removing FOOD but the Word of God out of the north country.
Followed closely by the white horse, which you have
indicated (and I agree with) is AC ... I think it is deception that the white horse
brings. If you have a scarcity of real truth then deception can flourish. What does AC
want to conquer ? He wants to steal the inheritance from God's true children and the
throne from God. That's what he has been after from day one.
11 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a
famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: (KJV)
As for the north country ... I wonder sometimes if we
don't need to look back to God's chosen people for understanding of that. It was no
accident that the tribes of Israel were divided up into two kingdoms ... one northern and
one southern. Perhaps you will not find meaning in this but I do since I believe that the
northern kingdom was scattered all over the world as a result of their captivity and lost
their national identity and yet God recovered them by drawing them back into the fold as
the primarily Christian nations.
So when Zechariah says that the black and white horses are
sent to the north country, I believe he is telling us that there will be a Famine for the
true teaching of the Word of God and that as a result Deception will abound amongst the
These are called the "lost tribes" by some. I
prefer to think of them as hidden, myself. If you look at the word for north and then
follow it back to it's root you can see a clear relationship to something
6828 tsaphown (tsaw-fone'); or tsaphon (tsaw-fone'); from 6845; properly, hidden, i.e.
dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown): KJV-- north (-ern, side,
6845 tsaphan (tsaw-fan'); a primitive root; to hide (by
covering over); by implication, to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically
(favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk: KJV-- esteem, hide (-den oneself,), lay up,
lurk (be set) privily, (keep) secret (-ly, place). ***. tsaphon. See 6828.
Perhaps the other directions are not mentioned because
they are of lesser importance to God as the people's they deal with are not his
Just a thought.
Oh yeah ... I forgot to mention that you should take note
that the four beasts are told not to hurt the oil and the wine. Using my suggested
symbolic meanings then you would find that they are told not to bother those that have
real understanding of God's Word and the presence of the Holy Spirit. Famine of the Word
and Deception can't really hurt one of God's spirit-filled, knowledgeable children because
we carry it with us.
6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny,
and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
This should also cause you to think of the Parable of the
10 virgins ... all 10 waiting for the bridgegroom to come ... this means they KNEW the
bridegroom was coming and so they were religious folk waiting for him. Some took just a
little oil and missed out because they had to go "buy" some (and from whom?) ...
some took enough oil to keep their lamps burning through the night and they went with the
bridegroom to the wedding. What oil was required ? The Holy Spirit. He's the only
protection we have from deception and lack of teaching.
It reminds me of something else but I've yet to make up my
mind whether it's related or not. I am one of those that believes that the Mark of the
Beast is spiritual rather than physical. Since we just talked about the Famine being for
the Word of God rather than food what do you bet that the "buying and selling"
related to the Mark of the Beast is the buying and selling of corn, wine and oil ...
who're ya buying it from ? Satan's peddling deception ... it sure can "look"
like the real thing but it won't burn in the lamp.
Just some random thoughts.
I am going to refer you to these verses of Rev 4:1-5 and
so I print them here at the top for easy reference. I offer these thoughts for your
1 After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which
I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I
will shew thee things which must be hereafter.
2 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one
sat on the throne.
3 And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a
rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and
twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of
5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were
seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. (KJV)
There are a couple of things I want to point out to you in
the Rev 6:1-8 passage that we were talking about earlier.
1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of
thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.
I kind of think this "noise of thunder" is the
voice of Almighty God; if you notice in Rev 4:1-5 John describes the "lightenings and
thunderings and voices" that proceed out of the throne. God seems to speak with a
voice like a a thundering trumpet ... trumpet and thunder.
2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on
him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to
We know that Satan can transform himself into an angel of
light ... the color white is the color of light ... representing innocence.
WHITE (Thayer's) 3022 leukos- light, bright, brilliant
a) brilliant from whiteness, (dazzling) white
1) used of the garments of angels, and of those exalted to the splendor of the heavenly
2) shining or white garments worn on festive or state occasions
3) used of white garments as the sign of innocence and purity of the soul
b) dead white; used of the whitening color of ripening grain
But right off the innocence is suspect because a) we are
warned elsewhere that the dragon wears lambs clothing and b) he carries a fake bow. Notice
that it is not a bow like in "bow and arrows" ... there are no arrows. It's a
bow like a "rainbow" ... a fake rainbow. Notice in Rev 4:3 that around God's
thrown there is a rainbow. This bow that the rider on the white horse is given is SIMPLE
FABRIC. Notice that it's root word has to do with producing fruit from seed. What fruit
and what seed ? It's a fake rainbow.
5115 toxon (tox'-on); from the base of 5088; a bow (apparently as the simplest fabric):
KJV-- bow. 5088 tikto (tik'-to); a strengthened form of a primary teko (tek'-o) (which is
used only as alternate in certain tenses); to produce (from seed, as a mother, a plant,
the earth, etc.), literally or figuratively: KJV-- bear, be born, bring forth, be
delivered, be in travail.
We also know that that Christ comes later and he has
already "conquered" through his death and resurrection so we can be fairly sure
this is not he. No, this is Satan out to overcome God's people and subdue the world. His
last ditch effort to declare himself God. Christ does not tell us to be overcomers for
nothing ... overcomers not OVERCOME.
3528 nikao (nik-ah'-o); from 3529; to subdue (literally or figuratively): KJV-- conquer,
overcome, prevail, get the victory.
3 And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the
second beast say, Come and see.
Come and be very surprised ! he means.
2396 ide (id'-eh); second person singular imperative active of 1492; used as an
interjection to denote surprise; lo!: KJV-- behold, lo, see.
4 And there went out another horse that was red: and power
was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill
one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.
Let's think a minute. We are in a highly symbolic book,
what does a sword represent ? What is Christ's double-edged sword ? It's the Word of God.
Why wouldn't this "sword" also be words rather than steel ? What is at the root
of all the major battles if not religion ? What starts all wars if not words ? Red is the
color of fire ... firey words and passion.
And what is peace ? Perhaps it represents the peace of
salvation, the way that leads to peace as in Thayer's definition. You don't have peace
unless you have salvation. If Satan obscures the way to salvation then he's taken peace
from the world.
1) a state of national tranquillity, exemption from the rage and havoc of war
2) peace between individuals, that is, harmony, concord
3) security, safety, prosperity, felicity, (because peace and harmony make and keep things
safe and prosperous)
4) used of the Messiah's peace, the way that leads to peace (salvation)
5) used of Christianity, the tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through
Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and content with its earthly lot, of whatsoever
sort that is
6) the blessed state of devout and upright men after death
5 And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third
beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a
pair of balances in his hand.
Notice the balances in the hand of the rider of the black
horse. This is a symbol of bondage and slavery. The rider of the black horse comes to put
the world back under bondage. It is not Christ's yoke but Satan's. Come and See - look and
be very surprised about it !
1) a yoke
a) a yoke that is put on draught cattle
b) metaphorically, used of any burden or bondage
1) as that of slavery
2) used of troublesome laws imposed on one, especially of the Mosaic law, hence the name
is so transferred to the commands of Christ as to contrast them with the commands of the
Pharisees which were a veritable `yoke'; yet even Christ's commands must be submitted to,
though easier to be kept
2) a balance, a pair of scales
6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say,
A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou
hurt not the oil and the wine.
Remembering here of course that the famine of the latter
days according to Amos 8 is for the Word of God and not for bread ... it goes along with
all I've just showed you. These horses come to put us back under bondage, obscure the way
to the salvation of Christ and steal the Word of God from us. But they can't hurt those
that have the OIL = Holy Spirit and the WINE = real understanding of God's Word. How do
you have those ? STUDY, STUDY, STUDY, PRAY, PRAY, PRAY ! And to the RIGHT Lord, not the
7 And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the
voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
Come and look with surprise !
8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that
sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the
fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with
the beasts of the earth. (KJV)
Whose name is Death ? I think if you look around in
scripture you will find that Death is one of Satan's names. Who brought death on the world
through the serpent ? If you follow him, Satan will bring upon you not only the death of
the body but the second death, death of the soul.
How did Satan get to Adam and Eve in the garden ? How did
he tempt Christ ? How does he go after any man ? WORDS. Satan's sword is his word. And
when you listen to him instead of God's Word you will go hungry ... and receive death ...
death of body and soul.
And the beasts of the earth ... remember you're still in
the book of symbology. Notice that these words also connote savage brutal men ... take it
back to the root word and you get a sense of a destructive trap being prepared.
BEASTS OF THE EARTH (Strong's and Thayer's)
2342 therion (thay-ree'-on); diminutive from the same as
2339; a dangerous animal: KJV-- (venomous, wild) beast.
1) an animal
2) a wild animal, a wild beast, a beast
3) metaphorically, a brutal, bestial man, savage, ferocious
2339 thera (thay'-rah); from ther (a wild animal, as
game); hunting, i.e. (figuratively) destruction: KJV-- trap.
1) a hunting of wild beasts to destroy them
2) metaphorically, used of preparing destruction for men
Someone reminded me that white = light = truth.
** Light also represents "truth". Don't hide
** your "light" under a bushel, Christ taught us. And, I am the "light
** of the world". It goes along with the rest of what you present to us.
From another BPR member:
Here is my interpretation of Rev. 6:1-8:
This passage is talking about the antichrist and the stages to his rule. In the beginning,
he is going to appear to bring peace, hence the white horse, but eventually there will be
open warfare(red horse). The third seal (black horse) represent famine: "a quart of
wheat for a day's wages...". Again, this is like a timeline of the tribulation. The
pale horse clearly represents death. The death is probably the inevitable result of
disease that accompanies war and famine. So again, I think the white horse represents
"false peace" of the antichrist.
And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was
given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
I saw a show recently (11/98) called "Warhorse: A
Beast for Heroes" on the History Channel and they showed many representations of the
aristocracy riding holding a bow and a page riding behind carrying the bows.
The month of Kislev's [Oct/Nov] sign is
Keshet/Sagittarius. "Kislev's sign is The Bow (Keshet in Hebrew)."
(Ohr Somayach "Seasons of the Moon" email list)
"The Hebrew and Syriac name of the sign is Kesith,
which means the Archer (as in Genesis 21:20). The Arabic name is Al Kaus, the arrow. In
Coptic it is Pimacre, the graciousness, or beauty of the coming forth. In Greek it is
Toxotes, the archer, and in Latin Sagittarius.
"There are 69 stars in the sign, viz., five of the
3rd magnitude (all in the bow), nine of the 4th, etc.
"The names of the brightest stars are significant:
"Hebrew, Naim, which means the gracious one...Hebrew,
Nehushta, the going or sending forth...We see the same in the Arabic names which have come
down to us: Al Naim, the gracious one; Al Shaula, the dart; Al Warida, who comes forth;
Ruchba or rami, the riding of the bowman."
(The Witness of the Stars, E. W. Bullinger).
The 3 constellations associated with this sign include:
1. LYRA (The Harp) Praise prepared for the conqueror
2. ARA (The Altar) Consuming fire prepared for his enemies
3. DRACO (The Dragon) The old serpent, or the Devil, cast down from Heaven
And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I
beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.
And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny,
and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
"The sign of the month of Tishrei [Sept/Oct], Libra,
is called in Hebrew Moznaim, which literally means 'balances.' It's not difficult to see
the connection between the symbol of the balances and the month of Tishrei, for the first
day of Tishrei is Rosh Hashana, a day when the future of the world and all its inhabitants
literally hangs in the balance."
(Ohr Somayach, Seasons of the Moon email list)
"The Hebrew name is Mozanaim, the Scales, weighing.
Its name in Arabic is Al Zubena, pruchase, or redemption. In Coptic, it is Lambadia,
station of propitiation (from Lam, graciousness, and badia, branch). The name by which it
has come down to us is the Latin, Libra, which means weighing, as used in the Vulgate (Isa
"Libra contains three bright stars whose names supply
us with the whole matter. The brightest (in the lower scale), is named Zuben al Genubi,
which means the purchase, or price which is deficient. This points to the fact that man
has been utterly ruined. He is 'weighed in the balances and found wanting.'"
The second brightest "al Gubi, heaped up, or
high." The third brightest "is called Zuben Akrabi or Zuben al Akrab, which
means the price of the conflict."
(The Witness of the Stars, E. W. Bullinger)
It is an interesting fact of history that some cultures
favored the bow as a weapon of war, considering it a "noble weapon": Akkadians,
Egyptians, Assyrians, Babylonians, and Parthians, to name but a few. All used the bow in
battle and prided themselves in their prowess with it. Other cultures, including the
Roman, did not consider the bow a valorous weapon of war. Yet the Romans did realize the
practical importance of archery as a long-distance form of warfare and therefore normally
had auxiliary contingents of archers attached to their battle groups. These were usually
either mercenaries or troops contributed by dependent kings.
(The Sea of Galilee, Shelley Wachsmann)
Mark of the Beast