Bible Prophecy Research and Study List
Title: "...a great earthquake..."
Submitted by: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date: April 4, 2000
Update: April 06, 2001
"...a great earthquake..."
And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and
the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand:
and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. [Revelation
Earthquake Fault Line East of Jerusalem: A Potentially
Fulfilled Prophecy of Zechariah 14:4?
Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of
battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the
Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half
of the mountain moving north and half moving south.
The Consoler on the Mount of Olives
Consoler (in Hebrew, Menahem) is the nickname of
the Messiah of Israel. And his father is called Amiel - "My nation to
God." Menahem the son of Amiel will appear in the end of time on the Mount of Olives,
before the gates of Jerusalem. And the exiles shall return and ascend to the mountain, and
see the redemption of Zion and Jerusalem.
A poet describes the appearance of Messiah--the Consoler:
In those days, at that time,
In the fifth month, the month of Ab, [July/August]
The Pure, dressed in his robes of vengenace,
By his wrath the Mount of Olives will be cleft.
Messiah comes forth in his majesty,
As the sun shines in its strength.
(Legends of Jerusalem, Zev Vilnay)
"...The cleaving in two of the Mount of Olives in
Zech. xiv. 4 is regarded by most commentators as being quite beyond a literal
interpretation: and yet, a few years ago, The Illustrated London News gave some
interesting drawings of the scene of the great volcanic eruption in the North Island, New
Zealand. It will be remembered that the outburst of volcanic energy began by the explosion
of Mount Tarawera, a mountain which had no crater upon it, and showed no signs of recent
activity. Tarawera was split in two by the sudden opening of a great chasm or
line of craters four miles long, about 500 feet wide, and, in many places, 400 feet
(Bullinger, E.W., The Apocalypse, © 1909)
Essay: The Return of the Ten Lost
Tribes Fact or Fiction?
One of the first things that come to mind when thinking
about Moshiach, is the Return of the Ten Lost Tribes who were exiled and separated from
the rest of Jewry, thousands of years ago.
The Ten Tribes were exiled during the First Temple Era
over 2,000 years ago, and have been separated from the rest of Jewry ever since. But
ultimately, they will be redeemed, and join the rest of Jewry at the time of Moshiach.
Underground Tunnels; the Mt. of Olives; and the Three
The Midrash tells us that the Ten Tribes were exiled to
three places: Some were exiled to the land behind the Sambatyon River. Another group was
exiled to a distant land behind the River (this land was twice the distance from
Israel than the first Land); the 3rd group was "swallowed in Rabbeslah."
The Midrash then describes the manner in which some of the
3rd Group (who were "swallowed") will return:
"G-d will make them underground tunnels and they will
travel through them, until they reach the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. G-d will stand on
the mount causing it to split, and the Ten Tribes will emerge from within." (Yalkut
Shimoni, Yeshayah 469)
Obviously, this Midrash is not to be taken literally, it
rather alludes to the severe spiritual exile which this group is now enduring and the
spiritual transformation which they will undergo when Moshiach comes:
The Ten Tribes were taken to exile and "were
swallowed", i.e. they have totally forgotten their Jewish Identity, as if it has been
"swallowed" by some external force. Their energy remains only in potential form.
When Moshiach comes, G-d will take them through tunnels (symbolizing the process of
refinement) and will lead them to the Mount of Olives (a mountain which was (originally)
dedicated to the growing of fruit a symbol of utilization of potential energy. Finally the
mountain will split, and they will emerge; their Jewish identity will re-emerge from the
present state of "potential" and will be fully realized.
- Friday 10/15/99 Cheshvan 5 5760)
The Earthquake In Israel's Future
Thousands of Israelis would be killed and hundreds of
thousands become homeless if a earthquake struck in Israel, and there's a good chance that
a major one will occur within the next 50 years.
This is the conclusion of a recent report presented by
Israel's Geophysical Institute which checked the country's preparedness for the
eventuality of an earthquake. The report does not state that an earthquake will strike.
According to the Institute, earthquakes are impossible to predict, but due to Israel's
past history and its location near fault lines, the probability that an earthquake of at
least 6.5 magnitude will occur soon is great.
To prepare for the report, the Geophysical Institute took
seismic readings and checked buildings and infrastructure throughout Israel. Last year's
quakes in Turkey were taken into account along with seismic happenings in and near Eilat
in recent years.
According to the report, there are four areas in Israel
susceptible to earthquakes: Beit Shean, Yagur (near Haifa), the Hula Valley and the Dead
Sea. Estimates of the strength and magnitude of possible earthquakes in these areas are as
Beit Shean 7.1 magnitude 9,500 fatalities
Yagur 6.5 magnitude 5,100 fatalities
Hula Valley 7.0 magnitude 8,300 fatalities
Dead Sea 7.0 magnitude 8,200 fatalities
Most of the damage would be due to the poor construction
of Israeli buildings. According to Ron Cohen, Israel's Minister of Industry and Trade, all
Israeli construction built until the 60's and even some of the buildings built in the 70's
would not be able to survive an earthquake. Especially vulnerable would be public housing
units, some of which are built up on poles. These units are home to 700,000 Israelis
around the country.
The most serious thing, according to Cohen, is that
Israel's Ministry of Finance does not find it financially viable to take any precautions
Binyamin Ben Eliezar, Israel's Minister of Communications
and a member of the committee that received the Geophysical Institute's report, said that
the findings were serious, but noted that modern construction has prepared the country for
the eventuality of a major earthquake. Ben Eliezar promised to review all the data, and
that the government would consider how to prepare Israel for the possibility of an
- Ellis Shuman -
Geophysical Institute of Israel (http://www.gii.co.il/)
Founded in 1957 in the prestigious Weizmann Institute of Science, G.I.I. is a service
company specializing in geophysical surveys for oil exploration, water development and
site investigation, both locally and internationally.
The Seismology Division of the Geophysical Institute of
Israel (http://geo1.gii.co.il/seis/index.htm) This division of the Institute performs
studies and surveys to reduce earthquake risk to the State of Israel. In this capacity,
the Seismology Division initiates R & D projects in many fields of Seismology for
better understanding the earthquake phenomena in the region and their possible
consequences. The Seismology Division is the operator of about 100 seismic monitoring
systems throughout Israel.
Earthquakes felt in Eilat
(http://www.israelwire.com/New/991005/99100521.html) IsraelWire, October 5, 1999.
Earthquakes and the Bible
(http://ldolphin.org/quakes.html) Article by Lambert Dolphin. The Promised Land... lies
immediately adjacent to the African Rift Zone, the deepest known break in the earth's
crust. A number of important quakes are mentioned in the Bible and many Holy Land
earthquakes are known from secular history.
Current Seismicity for the Middle East
(http://wwwneic.cr.usgs.gov/neis/current/m%5Feast.html) From the National Earthquake
Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics
(http://geography.about.com/education/geography/msub27.htm) From About.com's Geography
site - a list of earthquake-related resources.