Bible Prophecy Research
Submitted by: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date: June 15, 1999
Update: April 06, 2001
"In that day the LORD with his sore and great and
strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked
serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea."--Isaiah 27:1
"Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD;
awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not it that hath cut
Rahab, and wounded the dragon?"--Isaiah 51:9
Rahab is another word for Egypt and some commentators
believe the dragon here represents "the crocodile, an emblem of Egypt, as represented
on coins struck after the conquest of Egypt by Augustus; or rather here, 'its king,'
Pharaoh." (Jamieson-Fausset and Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible, 1871).
"Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me,
he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a
dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out."--Jeremiah
"Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I
am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his
rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for
"The chief river of Egypt was the Nile, which opened
in seven mouths or gates into the sea, and out of which canals were made to water the
whole land; which abounding with rivers and watery places, hence the king of it is
compared to a great fish, a dragon or whale, or rather a crocodile, which was a fish very
common, and almost peculiar to Egypt; and with which the description here agrees, as
Bochart observes; and who also remarks that Pharaoh in the Arabic language signifies a
crocodile; and to which he may be compared for his cruel, voracious, and mischievous
nature; and is here represented as lying at ease, and rolling himself in the enjoyment of
his power, riches, and pleasures.
"Herodotus says of this king, that he was so lifted
up with pride, and so secure of his happy state, that he said there was no God could
deprive him of his kingdom. This proud tyrannical monarch was an emblem of that beast that
received his power from the dragon, and who himself spake like one; of the whore of
Babylon that sits upon many waters, and boasts of her sovereignty and power, of her wealth
and riches, of her ease, peace, pleasure, prosperity, and settled estate." (The
New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible).
The following is Apollodorus' description of a battle that
took place in the heavens between Zeus and Typhon:
Typhon "out-topped all the mountains, and his head
often brushed the stars. One of his hands reached out to the west and the other to the
east, and from them projected a hundred dragons' heads. From the thighs downward he had
huge coils of vipers which...emitted a long hissing...His body was all winged...and fire
flashed from his eyes. Such and so great was Typhon when, hurling kindled rocks, he made
for the very heaven with hissing and shouts, spouting a great jet of fire from his
mouth." To the sky of Egypt Zeus pursued Typhon "rushing at heaven."
"Zeus pelted Typhon at a distance with thunderbolts,
and at close quarters struck him down with an adamantine sickle, and as he fled pursued
him closely as far as Mount Casius, which overhangs Syria. There, seeing the monster sore
wounded, he grappled with him. But Typhon twined about him and gripped him in his
coils..." "Having recovered his strength Zeus suddenly from heaven riding in a
chariot of winged horses, pelted Typhon with thunderbolts...So being again pursued he
[Typhon] came to Thrace and in fighting at Mount Haemus he heaved whole mountains...a
stream of blood gushed out on the mountain, and they say that from that circumstance the
mountain was called Haemus [bloody]. And when he started to flee through the Sicilian sea,
Zeus cast Mount Etna in Sicily upon him. That is a huge mountain, from which down to this
day they say that blasts of fire issue from the thunderbolts that were thrown."
(Worlds in Collision, Immanuel Velikovsky)
[The author's contention is that this is a description
(and it is one of many) of what people saw when a comet came close to earth and had its
orbit distorted so that it was caught in the earth's rotation. The timing coincides with
See "The Witness of the Stars: Draco (The Dragon) and Hydra (The Serpent)."
With an ancient history and countless varieties, dragons
are the most widespread and enduring of all legendary beasts. And yet, dragons remain a
puzzle. Despite their prehistoric origins, cave art shows no signs of dragons. When did
they emerge in human history? The answer is elusive. In the West, dragons may have first
appeared in ancient Babylon some 4,000 years ago with a myth that attributes the formation
of the very universe to a dragon. Before the earth was created, according to Babylonian
legend, a ferocious she-dragon called Tiamat thrashed across the void. All the gods of
Babylon scattered before Tiamat's reign of terror...In her fury, Tiamat destroyed all who
challenged her. All that is, except the Babylonian sun god, Marduk. In a cosmic battle,
Marduk slew Tiamat. Then, from her dismembered body, he fashioned the heavens and the
earth. From dragon blood, Marduk created man.
For thousands of years Chinese dragons have been sacred
symbols of change, able to make themselves as small as silkworms or large enough to fill
the space between heaven and earth. Even more remarkably, dragons were thought to govern
the essential rhythms of Chinese society. Ancient tradition says that dragons water the
rice fields providing the cornerstone of Chinese civilization...Yet Chinese dragons have a
destructive side, too. They are also thought to deliver the devastating storms that
regularly batter China's shores...Peasants tell stories of dragon kings, noble animals
that live in aquatic palaces on the ocean floor. In the spring, dragons ascend to the
heavens. In the autumn, they return to their undersea homes. These seasonal passages are
said to stir up China's destructive storms...Far from the tempests of everyday life stands
China's Forbidden City, the emperor's exclusive palace. It is adorned with dragons...
Curiously, the emperor's dragon was always depicted with five claws. This creature became
so wedded to the imperial identity that before long every feature of the Chinese court was
described in terms of dragons. The emperor was called the "true dragon"; he sat
on the "dragon throne" and wrapped himself in "dragon robes." So
jealously did the royal household guard its five-clawed dragon that anyone who displayed
the symbol without approval was punished by death.
Uther Pendragon, father of the legendary king Arthur,
adopted the symbol of a dragon after dreaming of a great dragon flaming in the sky. It has
been the battle standard of English kings ever since.
The constellation of Draco has been identified with dragons
for 6,000 years. Greek mythology claimed that in the battle of the Titans, the goddess
Athena hurled a Titanic dragon into the sky where it tangled among the stars.
(Dragons, In Search of History, The History
In the Anchor Bible Dictionary under "Dragon
and Sea, God's Conflict with" is the following (mostly my paraphrase):
In the OT there are many references to God's conflict with
the dragon and the sea. Sometimes it's associated with 1. the creation of the world, 2.
with a specific foreign nation, and 3. projected into the end times.
1. For a long time, the background for this imagery was
considered to have come from Babylon. Enuma Elish was the Babylonian creation epic that
depicted Marduk defeating the sea monster Tiamat. However, the discovery of the Ugaritic
mythological texts has shed new light on this theory and seems to point to a Canaanite
The Ugaritic texts describe Baal's defeat of the sea-god
Yam, "conflicts between Baal or Anat and the sea monster Leviathan (also known as the
twisting serpent, the crooked serpent, and the dragon, in addition to other
The allusions to creation had their natural expression
during New Year's festivals (yearly renewal). "It seems likely that the theme of
Yahweh's conflict with the dragon and the sea was a motif in the celebration of Yahweh's
kingship at the autumn festival (feast of tabernacles) in the Jerusalem cult." Marduk
defeats the sea monster Tiamat in Babylon, Baal defeats the sea-god Yam at Ugarit, Yahweh
is victorious over the sea.
Psalm 29 "The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the
LORD sitteth King for ever."
Psalm 74 "Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength:
thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters."
Psalm 93 "The LORD on high is mightier than the noise
of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea."
2. The dragon/conflict with the chaotic sea are also
applied to specific entities. Egypt and the Exodus prompt Moses to compose a song to the
Lord (Exo 15:1-21) which interestingly begins and ends by saying "...the horse and
his rider hath he thrown into the sea" which reminds me of the horses and their
riders in Revelation 6. Assyria, Babylon and groups of nations are also represented.
3. Another area where the dragon/sea play a part is in the
Isaiah 27:1 "In that day the LORD with his sore and
great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that
crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea."
Daniel chapter 7 and the Ugaritic texts show similarities
regarding the imagery of the end-times.
Daniel 7:13,14 "I saw in the night visions, and,
behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of
days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory,
and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is
an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not
Ugaritic Texts: 1. The Canaanites' supreme god was called
El, "Father of Years" and was depicted as an old man with gray hair. 2. The
Canaanite god Baal is often called the "Rider of the clouds" and he was only
allowed to rule through El's authority.
[Revelation 1:7 "Behold he cometh with
This last paragraph is straight from the Anchor Bible
"In the present form of the text the 'one like a son
of man' may denote the angel Michael (cf. Dan 12:1). One may compare Rev 12, where Michael
defeats the seven-headed dragon (=Satan). It is striking that Michael, not Christ, defeats
the dragon; this may reflect an underlying Jewish tradition equating the 'one like a son
of man' with Michael. Interestingly, the next chapter of Rev (i.e., chapter 13; cf. 17:3)
presents another creature derived from Leviathan, the seven-headed beast, symbolizng Rome
(Rev 13:1-10) as well as another beast, symbolizing the false prophet, who appears to
derive from Behemoth (Rev 13:11-18)."
The year 2000 is the "Year of the
Dragon" according to Chinese astrology.
For more info please see the following BPR Research Files:
Studies on Revelation 12:
Hydra, the water serpent
in the sky
The Tail of the Dragon
Also see: Hamon-gog