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BPR Mailing List Digest
April 27, 2000


Digest Home | 2000 | April, 2000

 

To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - PM set to transfer Abu Dis to PA
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Moza")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 08:56:17 -0400

Thursday, April 27, 2000

PM set to transfer Abu Dis to PA

Political sources cite Barak's 'seriousness'

                  By Aluf Benn
                  Ha'aretz Diplomatic Correspondent

Prime Minister Ehud Barak intends to transfer soon to full Palestinian
control the village of Abu Dis, which is adjacent to Jerusalem, as an
"advance" on account of the IDF's third redeployment in the West Bank, a
senior political source said yesterday.

Barak is expected to bring the proposal for approval by the security
cabinet next week.

Political sources said Barak is determined to move forward on the
Palestinian track and that in the weeks ahead he will ask the security
cabinet and then the entire cabinet to approve "dramatic decisions" which
will reflect "Israeli positions that are more far-reaching than in the
past" with respect to the Palestinians.

The prime minister apparently intends to pass a resolution in the cabinet
that will recognize a Palestinian state if it is established in an
agreement with Israel.

The sources said Barak has become much more flexible with regard to the
major issues of the permanent settlement, particularly the amount of
territory that will be transferred to the Palestinian Authority. The first
such decision will involve the transfer of Abu Dis, which is now part of
Area B (Israeli security and Palestinian civilian control).

In various scenarios regarding the permanent settlement, Abu Dis has been
mentioned as the future capital of the Palestinian state because of its
geographic proximity to Jerusalem. The PA has erected a large building
there, which could serve as a parliament building. A few months ago PA
Chairman Yasser Arafat asked Barak to transfer Abu Dis to full Palestinian
control as part of the second redeployment, which was executed in three
stages according to the Wye and Sharm el Sheikh accords. When Barak
refused, explaining that the transfer of areas close to Jerusalem entailed
political problems and that it would be better to wait for the permanent
settlement, Arafat suspended the talks with Israel for two months.

Political sources in Jerusalem said yesterday that Barak's proposal to
give the Palestinians an "advance" is intended to send a message to the PA
that Israel is serious. Such a move will also allay Palestinian suspicions
that Israel intends to use delaying tactics in the talks in order to avoid
having to transfer significant territory in the third redeployment.

"Barak is serious and truly intends to reach a framework agreement," a
political source said yesterday. "In order to calm the Palestinians and
encourage them to show flexibility, he is ready to offer a territorial
'advance,' even though this is not stipulated in the agreements."

The Oslo accords state that in the third redeployment Israel will transfer
to the Palestinians the areas of the West Bank that are not "specified
military locations" or areas the status of which will be decided in the
permanent agreement, such as Jerusalem, Israel's external borders and the
Jewish settlements.

Based on this, the PA position is that Israel must vacate 90 percent of
the West Bank in the third redeployment. Israel maintains that it has the
right to determine the scope of the withdrawal.

The government of Benjamin Netanyahu decided that the third redeployment
would cover 1 percent of the West Bank and received a letter from the U.S.
administration in support of that position. Barak told the Palestinians
that he is not committed to Netanyahu's decision but would prefer to have
the third redeployment integrated with the framework agreement in which
the permanent borders between Israel and the PA will be decided, along
with the disposition of the settlements.

Barak's view is that Israel can be more generous in a framework agreement,
which involves give and take, and also have the Palestinians participate
in the demarcation of the map. However, if an agreement is not reached,
Israel will draw up the withdrawal map itself, as it has done in all the
interim withdrawals to date.

On the eve of the opening of the Eilat round of talks on Sunday (see
story, page 2), the Israeli delegation believes it will be possible to
conclude a framework agreement within two months - or, at least, an
agreement on the political status of the Palestinian entity, in return for
setting the final borders and the map of the settlements.

In the meantime, the talk - in Washington and Jerusalem - about a new
momentum on the Palestinian track following the Clinton-Barak and Clinton-
Arafat meetings in the past two and a half weeks, has not been reflected
in the pace of implementation of the existing agreements.

On Tuesday, the heads of the teams for implementing the interim agreement,
Saeb Erekat and Oded Eran, met in Jericho to monitor the progress being
made. However, it emerged that most of the open issues remain stalled: the
opening of the northern "safe passage" route between the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip, the transfer to the PA of purchase taxes collected by Israel,
and the security protocol for opening a maritime port in the Gaza Strip.

Eran demanded that the PA police stop arresting Israeli Arabs, as the
agreements totally ban the arrest of Israelis in PA territory. He also
asked the PA to hand over to Israel the Palestinian driver who ran over
and killed members of the Beit El settlement.

http://www3.haaretz.co.il/eng/scripts/article.asp?mador=14&datee=04/27/00&
id=76578

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Catholic bishops side with gays on equality
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Moza")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:10:12 -0400

Catholic bishops side with gays on equality

26.04.2000 - By ALISON HORWOOD

WELLINGTON - The Catholic Church has added its support to gay
relationships enjoying similar rights to those applying to married couples.

The 10 members of the New Zealand Catholic Bishops Conference say there
should be a system of registration which gives same-sex couples similar
civic and legal rights, including income tax support, legal aid, tax allowances
and property entitlements when a relationship fails.

The conference made the submission in response to a Ministry of Justice
discussion paper on same-sex couples and the law. The ministry will report
to Parliament before the House conducts a conscience vote on the issue.

The Christian Heritage Party also made a submission, saying it opposed not
only the marriage of homosexuals but any registration which might give them
similar rights.

The party's leader, the Rev Graham Capill, said last night that he was
staggered at the stance taken by the Catholic Church, and that
homosexuality should not be tolerated in any form.

"We are playing with semantics. To treat homosexual couples to a form of
registration but not call them married is to give them the same status but not
the same title."

But the Catholic Church says a relationship should be defined by the care,
financial independence and shared property involved and its duration.
Legislation relating to opposite-sex de facto relationships should include
same-sex couples and the existence of a sexual relationship should not be
inquired into by the courts.

But the bishops did not support gay couples being able to adopt children or
"using technology" to become joint parents.

They said that even if one of the partners was the natural parent of a child,
the couple should not have joint legal status. However, where gay couples
were caring for a child they should be entitled to parental leave in the same
way as married or de facto opposite-sex relationships.

http://www.herald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=134413&thesection=news
&thesubsection=general

Link via:
http://www.newsviewtoday.com

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Australia faces plagues of locusts
From: bpr-list@philologos.org
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:03:36 -0500

------- Forwarded message follows -------
Date sent: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 08:40:33 -0400
From: hblondel@tampabay.rr.com
Subject: Australia faces plagues of locusts

27 April, 2000, 06:23 GMT 07:23 UK

Australia faces plagues of locusts

Locusts are already ravaging Australia's cereal crops Farmers in
Australia are bracing themselves for the country's worst plague of
locusts in many years.

More than 100 billion of the insects are expected to descend upon
South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland following an unusually
high summer rainfall.

"This is the most serious threat of a major plague occurring for 15
years," said New South Wales agriculture chief Geoff File.

Cereal crops in South Australia have already been damaged, and the
region's lucrative wine industry is also under threat. It could be the
worst such plague in the state for nearly 50 years.

The authorities are trying to control infestations by spraying
insecticide from aircraft. But they say the young locusts - banding
together in vast swarms - are being protected from the sprays under
the lush growth produced by summer rains.

Plague in east and west

The infestation coincides with the worst plague of locusts in 10 years
in western Australia, which is currently ravaging the state's wheat
belt.

"It's most unusual for us to have both sides of the continent having
major outbreaks at the same time," said Plague Locust Commission
director Graeme Hamilton, quoted by the AFP news agency.

By November the number of locusts could reach 1,000 billion, and the
commission estimates that damage to crops and the wine industry in the
eastern states could total $120m.

A member of the grasshopper family, locusts cluster together when
young and form swarms of up to 15,000 per square metre, often
travelling at night.

------- End of forwarded message -------

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - OSHA Issues Lyme Disease Warning
From: bpr-list@philologos.org
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:03:36 -0500

------- Forwarded message follows -------
Date sent: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 08:25:47 -0400
From: hblondel@tampabay.rr.com
Subject: OSHA Issues Lyme Disease Warning

OSHA Issues Lyme Disease Warning

Associated Press
April 26, 2000; 11:04 p.m. EDT

WASHINGTON –– The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is
warning outdoor workers to be especially wary of Lyme disease.

"Outdoor workers are at particularly high risk, and the tick
population may continue to increase this season due to the rising
number of deer and recent mild winters," David Weld, executive
director of the American Lyme Disease Foundation in Somers, N.Y., said
Wednesday.

Occupations that carry a high risk of exposure to infected ticks
include construction work, landscaping, forestry, brush clearing, land
surveying, farming, railroad work, oilfield work, utility line work
and park/wildlife management.

Rash, flu-like symptoms, arthritis and heart abnormalities are some of
the symptoms suffered by Lyme disease victims.

Daily tick checks, vaccinations and use of insect repellent are
preventive measures.

------- End of forwarded message -------

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Jesus faces mock trial at Harvard
From: bpr-list@philologos.org
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:07:44 -0500

Jesus faces mock trial at Harvard

By Richard Higgins, Globe Staff , 4/26/2000

AMBRIDGE - A Harvard Divinity School professor, playing
the role of prosecutor in the trial of Jesus, had just
rested his case, arguing that Jesus was not the harmless,
otherworldly poser of questions some made him out to be.

''I remind you of the testimony of one Mathias, who tells
us that Jesus said, `I have not come to bring peace, but a
sword,''' said New Testament scholar Allen Callahan, taking
some license to refer to the then-unwritten Gospel of
Matthew.

-- more --

http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/117/metro/Jesus_faces_mock_trial_at_
Harvard+.shtml

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Mutant Lobster May Symbolize Food of the Future
From: bpr-list@philologos.org
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:11:00 -0500

  
Mutant Lobster May Symbolize Food of the Future

Aril 27, 2000
By Jonathan Leake and Guy Dennis

LONDON — Geneticists hope to create the world's biggest
lobster after discovering how to block the genes that limit
animals' natural growth.
 
Researchers believe they can create adult animals up to 50
percent bigger than usual

In secret experiments, scientists have already applied the
technique to make giant chickens and sheep and are also
working on other livestock, including cattle.

The results could revolutionize livestock and fish
farming, creating a new generation of animals whose genes
have been altered or suppressed in ways that could mean up
to double the meat yield. Lobsters are among the species
chosen to pioneer the technology because of their high
commercial value.

The experiments also have implications for animal rights
campaigners who this weekend warned that such technology
risked producing mutants that would live their lives in
pain and suffering.

-- more --

http://www.foxnews.com/science/042700/times_giants.sml

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Trial by laptop
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Shophar_Sho_Good")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 09:17:25 -0500

Trial by laptop

An electronic judge on wheels delivers instant justice

http://www.newscientist.com/nl/0429/laptop.html

THERE's been a minor car crunch on a city street in
Brazil, and the two drivers are screaming and
gesticulating, arguing angrily over who's to blame and who
should pay for the damage. Suddenly, a van screeches to a
halt and out pop a judge, a court clerk and a very special
laptop computer. Instant justice has arrived, cyber-style.

This is no fantasy. The laptop runs an artificial-
intelligence program called the Electronic Judge, and its
job is to help the human judge on the team swiftly and
methodically dispense justice according to witness reports
and forensic evidence at the scene of an incident. It can
issue on-the-spot fines, order damages to be paid and even
recommend jail sentences.

The software is being tested by three judges in the state
of Espirito Santo. It forms part of a scheme called Justice-
on-Wheels, which is designed to speed up Brazil's
overloaded legal system by dealing immediately with
straightforward cases.

The idea is not to replace judges but to make them more
efficient, says Pedro Valls Feu Rosa, a judge in the
state's Supreme Court of Appeals who developed the program.
He was in Britain last week reporting on the project at a
conference in Birmingham on AI and simulated behaviour.

After police alert the rapid justice team to minor
accidents, they can be on the scene within ten minutes.
Most cases require only simple questions and no
interpretation of the law--the decision-making process is
purely logical, Feu Rosa claims.

A keen programmer, Feu Rosa wrote the E-Judge program in
the Visual Basic language. It presents the judge with
multiple choice questions, such as "Did the driver stop at
the red light?" or "Had the driver been drinking alcohol
above the acceptable limit of the law?"

These are the sorts of questions that human judges are
normally expected to answer, based on evidence from the
scene, says Feu Rosa, and they only need yes or no answers.
"If we are concerned with nothing more than pure logic,
then why not give the task to a computer?"

Most people are happy to have the matter sorted out on the
spot, he says. The program gives more than a mere judgment:
it also prints out its reasoning. If the human judge
disagrees with the decision it can simply be overruled,
says Feu Rosa. He admits, however, that some people who
have been judged by the program don't realise that they've
been tried by software. There are also advantages to being
on location, says Feu Rosa. The judge can see if witnesses
had a clear view and, perhaps, check the vehicles' tyre
marks. The system saves months of expensive wrangling in
the courts, he says. "I know that this is a little bit
different, but it works."

It could be some time before a similar system takes the
place of an English court. "It would have to satisfy the
authorities that it was absolutely foolproof first," says a
spokesman for the Lord Chancellor's office, which oversees
courts in England and Wales. But it could be put to use in
the US, where Feu Rosa says he is in discussion with
insurance companies to set up a mobile system to resolve
disputes over traffic accidents.

Duncan Graham-Rowe
From New Scientist magazine,
29 April 2000.

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Need help on Feast timings...
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Shophar_Sho_Good")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 11:33:02 -0500

Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7

Trying to understand the Feast of Unleavened Bread and its timing in
relation to the Passover. Any good references...Thanks...JIM

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Arutz-7 News items (4/27/00)
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Moza")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 12:35:40 -0400

YESHA COUNCIL: JERUSALEM WILL BECOME BORDER TOWN

The Yesha Council warned today that the expected transfer of 2-3% of
Yesha around Jerusalem will turn Israel's capital city into a border town.
Despite official denials, Public Security Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami appeared
to be preparing the way for a withdrawal from areas around Jerusalem,
saying today, "One thing is clear: Abu Dis and Azariyah are not Jerusalem."
 Foreign Minister David Levy denied today that a further pullback from Judea
and Samaria is on the government's agenda at present, and said that such a
withdrawal will only be implemented after a framework agreement is reached
with the Palestinians. Haaretz reported today, on the other hand, that the
government will soon decide on a transfer of Abu Dis - a neighborhood only
hundreds of meters away from the Temple Mount - to the Palestinian
Authority.

It was learned today that the Palestinians have also demanded the Atarot
airport just north of Jerusalem. Senior Palestinian figures say that the matter
is being discussed by the Israeli and Palestinian negotiating teams, while
Israeli sources say that at issue is nothing more than Palestinian demands
for landing and take-off rights.


VIOLENCE AT SHIMON HATZADDIK

Violence erupted this afternoon in Jerusalem's Shimon HaTzaddik
neighborhood. Eight Jewish families now live in what only 50 years ago was
a Jewish neighborhood, located just over a main highway leading from the
Old City to the northern suburbs. About 100 Palestinians, led by PLO official
Feisal Husseini and other Palestinian Authority figures, appeared at the site
of an ancient synagogue in the neighborhood this afternoon to protest today's
court decision permitting Jews to pray there. At issue, specifically, is a
fence built by Arabs last week around the site, which prevents the Jews from
entering the site.

Arutz-7's Kobi Finkler reports that police are not allowing Jewish worshippers
from tearing down the fence and entering the synagogue - which is actually a
cave - for fear that the violence will re-erupt. The District Court, which
rejected this afternoon an Arab appeal of the original court decision, ordered
the Arabs to tear down at least part of the fence by this evening. If the Arabs
do not comply, the police have been ordered to tear down the fence. The
situation continues to be tense, in anticipation of a showdown.

In Brief:
The just-ended Passover holiday saw a renewal of the Moslem Waqf's
construction activity on the Temple Mount. Tractors were again seen
removing huge mounds of dirt from the Mount into the Kidron Valley, despite
the government order forbidding the entry of trucks to the holy site. A group
of yeshiva students was attacked yesterday near the Temple Mount, while in
the midst of circling the Old City and reciting Psalms outside each gate.
Police who arrived on the scene arrested one Arab youth, as well as one
Jewish boy...

Arutz Sheva News Service
  <http://www.arutzsheva.org>
Thursday, April 27, 2000 / Nissan 22, 5760 - 7th day of the Omer

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Hezbollah 'set for major strike on Israel'
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Shophar_Sho_Good")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 17:08:41 -0500

Hezbollah 'set for major strike on Israel'

MATT REES In Jerusalem

ISRAEL believes the Islamic guerrillas of Hezbollah are readying
weapons
which could penetrate much further into Israel than the outdated
rockets
they have fired across the border in the past.

Israeli defence officials yesterday told The Scotsman that Hezbollah
has
issued veiled warnings in recent speeches by its leader, Sheikh Hassan
Nasrallah, that the group will use these weapons once Israeli
soldiers pull
out of Lebanon. That withdrawal is scheduled to take place by 7 July
at the
latest.

"Hezbollah leaders are boasting that they have weapons which will hit
Israel
much deeper than now," said a senior defence official, who is a key
figure
in the planning of Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon.

The Lebanese prime minister, Salim Hoss, said yesterday that Lebanon
would
accept an "international force" monitoring its border with Israel,
after an
Israeli pullback.

That was intended to assuage fears that an Israeli withdrawal would
leave a
vacuum in southern Lebanon and allow Hezbollah or Palestinian
fightersto
launch attacks across the border.

Nonetheless, Israeli officials continue to expect tensions to
increase along the border after the country's 1,500 soldiers are
withdrawn.
The fear of escalation is rooted in Israel's promise to strike back at
Syrian interests in Lebanon, because Damascus effectively controls
Lebanon
with its 35,000 troops there.

-- more --

http://www.scotsman.com/cgi-bin/t3.cgi/taf/world.taf
?function=detail&Scotsman_uid1=TS00040741&desk=World&cat=world&sec=88

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Spooky Action At A Distance Creates Secret Codes
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Shophar_Sho_Good")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 17:11:30 -0500

Spooky Action At A Distance Creates Secret Codes

http://unisci.com/stories/20002/0427001.htm

Exploiting quantum "spookiness" to create secret codes has
been demonstrated for the first time by three independent
research groups, advancing hopes for eventually protecting
sensitive data from any kind of computer attack.

In the latest -- and most foolproof -- variation yet of
the data-encryption scheme known as quantum cryptography,
researchers employ pairs of "entangled" photons --
particles that can be so intimately interlinked even when
far apart that a perplexed Einstein once derided their
behavior as "spooky action at a distance."

Entanglement-based quantum cryptography has unique
features for sending coded data at practical transmission
rates and detecting eavesdroppers. Put briefly, the
entanglement process can generate a completely random
sequence of 0s and 1s distributed exclusively to two users
at remote locations.

Any eavesdropper's attempt to intercept this sequence will
alter the message in a detectable way, enabling the users
to discard the appropriate parts of the data.

This random sequence of digits, or "key," can then be
plugged into a code scheme known as a "one-time pad
cipher,"which converts the message into a completely random
sequence of letters.

This code scheme -- mathematically proven to be
unbreakable without knowledge of the key -- actually dates
back to World War I, but its main flaw had been that the
key could be intercepted by an intermediary.

-- more --

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - 'Look into Judaism,' Suggests UK Bishop
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Shophar_Sho_Good")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 17:13:29 -0500

'Look into Judaism,' Suggests UK Bishop

By Patrick Goodenough
CNS London Bureau Chief
27 April, 2000

London (CNSNews.com) - A leading Church of England bishop
has suggested that people who believe in God but struggle
to accept Christian teachings should look into Judaism.

Bishop Richard Harries of Oxford writes in the current
edition of a London Jewish publication, Manna, that there
are some people who are "natural monotheists" - believe in
one God - but can't accept the church's claims about Jesus
and who would love to find a "spiritual home."

For such people, new age religions may offer some
spiritual insights, but Judaism "offers a tradition, a way
of believing and behaving that has been tried and tested
for nearly 4,000 years."

There aren't many alternatives, Harries wrote, pointing
out that Unitarianism had "virtually died out" while the
approach of the Quakers "clearly appeals to some but not
many."

Harries, 63, is chairman of the Council of Christians and
Jews. Manna, published by the British Reform Judaism
movement, asked him to contribute to a discussion on calls
for Judaism to become more missionary-minded, the bishop's
press officer, Rev. Richard Thomas, told CNSNews.com
Thursday.

He said a newspaper article on the matter had mistakenly
reported that Harries was suggesting that people "convert,"
implying that people in the church who began to doubt its
teachings should become Jews.

"That was a real travesty of what the bishop was saying.
He's really talking to people who are unable to be
Christians because they can't accept the claims of the
Trinitarian faith, which is very different."

Trinitarianism is belief in the Trinity, or three-in-one
God comprising Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Harries told a radio interview he was not himself
considering changing faiths, being a firm believer in the
teachings of Christianity. Suggestions that Harries'
article had startled his colleagues in the church were
dismissed by Thomas.

"The reaction we've received from the church is, well we
knew this anyway. The article itself deals with the same
kind of questions that Paul deals with in the New
Testament, about the relationship between Judaism and
Christianity.

"The reaction from the Jewish community has been slightly
more controversial, I think, because what the bishop is
saying is that the debate about the Jewish community being
more missionary-minded is one that has some weight to it."

The size of Britain's Jewish community has reportedly
dropped below 300,000.

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To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - Re: Need help on Feast timings...
From: bpr-list@philologos.org
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 17:42:08 -0500

> Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7
>
> Trying to understand the Feast of Unleavened Bread and its timing in
> relation to the Passover. Any good references...

For some good background material, I would first try Edersheim:

The Temple - It's Ministry and Service
The Passover
http://philologos.org/__eb-ttms/temple11.htm

The Paschal Feast and the Lord's Supper
http://philologos.org/__eb-ttms/temple12.htm

The Feast of Unleavened Bread
http://philologos.org/__eb-ttms/temple13.htm

This site has a tiny bit of info along with a chart:
Three Days and Three Nights
http://www.fan.net.au/~sos/days.htm

I've only slightly reviewed the site below. I
do know the author, however, is heavily into
chronology and has even written a computer
program (DOS) which the author says puts the Jewish
calendar back in line with the biblical calendar. Interesting
if you are into chronology.
The Chronology of Passover
http://www.parsimony.org/doctrine/passover_chron.html

Hope these help...
owner-bpr@philologos.org

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========
To: bpr-list@philologos.org (BPR Mailing List)
Subject: [BPR] - April 28, 2000 TV Programs
From: bpr-list@philologos.org("Moza")
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2000 18:55:13 -0400

8:00 PM Eastern

 A&E - BIOGRAPHY - "Nelson Rockefeller: Passionate
   Millionaire" - Politician, philanthropist, businessman and
          arts patron Nelson Rockefeller.(CC)(TVG)

9:00

 DISC - DISCOVERY NEWS - (CC)

 HIST - NAZI AMERICA: A SECRET HISTORY - A fairly benign
   organization of immigrants becomes a hate-spewing, radical
          paramilitary group.(CC)(TVPG)

 TLC - GLADIATOR GAMES: THE ROMAN BLOODSPORT - Ancient
Roman gladiators provide violent spectacles; the filming of
          ``Gladiator.''(CC)(TVPG)

10:00

 TLC - GLADIATORS: THE BRUTAL TRUTH - Gladiator events
          become tools of political power.(CC)(TVPG)

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