Bible Prophecy Research
Title: Geneva Accord
Submitted by: firstname.lastname@example.org
The following is the
text of the Geneva Accord printed in the Israeli daily Haaretz:
Draft Permanent Status Agreement
The State of Israel (hereinafter
"Israel") and the Palestine Liberation Organization
(hereinafter "PLO"), the representative of the Palestinian
people (hereinafter the "Parties"):
Reaffirming their determination to put an end
to decades of confrontation and conflict, and to live in peaceful
coexistence, mutual dignity and security based on a just, lasting,
and comprehensive peace and achieving historic reconciliation;
Recognizing that peace requires the transition
from the logic of war and confrontation to the logic of peace
and cooperation, and that acts and words characteristic of the
state of war are neither appropriate nor acceptable in the era
Affirming their deep belief that the logic of
peace requires compromise, and that the only viable solution
is a two-state solution based on UNSC Resolution 242 and 338;
Affirming that this agreement marks the recognition
of the right of the Jewish people to statehood and the recognition
of the right of the Palestinian people to statehood, without
prejudice to the equal rights of the Parties' respective citizens;
Recognizing that after years of living in mutual
fear and insecurity, both peoples need to enter an era of peace,
security and stability, entailing all necessary actions by the
parties to guarantee the realization of this era;
Recognizing each other's right to peaceful and
secure existence within secure and recognized boundaries free
from threats or acts of force;
Determined to establish relations based on cooperation
and the commitment to live side by side as good neighbors aiming
both separately and jointly to contribute to the well-being of
Reaffirming their obligation to conduct themselves
in conformity with the norms of international law and the Charter
of the United Nations;
Confirming that this Agreement is concluded within
the framework of the Middle East peace process initiated in Madrid
in October 1991, the Declaration of Principles of September 13,
1993, the subsequent agreements including the Interim Agreement
of September 1995, the Wye River Memorandum of October 1998 and
the Sharm El-Sheikh Memorandum of September 4, 1999, and the
permanent status negotiations including the Camp David Summit
of July 2000, the Clinton Ideas of December 2000, and the Taba
Negotiations of January 2001;
Reiterating their commitment to United Nations
Security Council Resolutions 242, 338 and 1397 and confirming
their understanding that this Agreement is based on, will lead
to, and - by its fulfillment - will constitute the full implementation
of these resolutions and to the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian
conflict in all its aspects;
Declaring that this Agreement constitutes the
realization of the permanent status peace component envisaged
in President Bush's speech of June 24, 2002 and in the Quartet
Declaring that this Agreement marks the historic
reconciliation between the Palestinians and Israelis, and paves
the way to reconciliation between the Arab World and Israel and
the establishment of normal, peaceful relations between the Arab
states and Israel in accordance with the relevant clauses of
the Beirut Arab League Resolution of March 28, 2002; and
Resolved to pursue the goal of attaining a
comprehensive regional peace, thus contributing to stability,
security, development and prosperity throughout the region;
Have agreed on the following:
Article 1 - Purpose of the
Permanent Status Agreement
1. The Permanent Status Agreement
(hereinafter "this Agreement") ends the era of conflict
and ushers in a new era based on peace, cooperation, and good
neighborly relations between the Parties.
2. The implementation of this
Agreement will settle all the claims of the Parties arising from
events occurring prior to its signature. No further claims related
to events prior to this Agreement may be raised by either Party.
Article 2 - Relations between
1. The state of Israel shall
recognize the state of Palestine (hereinafter "Palestine")
upon its establishment. The state of Palestine shall immediately
recognize the state of Israel.
2. The state of Palestine shall
be the successor to the PLO with all its rights and obligations.
3. Israel and Palestine shall
immediately establish full diplomatic and consular relations
with each other and will exchange resident Ambassadors, within
one month of their mutual recognition.
4. The Parties recognize Palestine
and Israel as the homelands of their respective peoples. The
Parties are committed not to interfere in each other's internal
5. This Agreement supercedes
all prior agreements between the Parties.
6. Without prejudice to the
commitments undertaken by them in this Agreement, relations between
Israel and Palestine shall be based upon the provisions of the
Charter of the United Nations.
7. With a view to the advancement
of the relations between the two States and peoples, Palestine
and Israel shall cooperate in areas of common interest. These
shall include, but are not limited to, dialogue between their
legislatures and state institutions, cooperation between their
appropriate local authorities, promotion of non-governmental
civil society cooperation, and joint programs and exchange in
the areas of culture, media, youth, science, education, environment,
health, agriculture, tourism, and crime prevention. The Israeli-Palestinian
Cooperation Committee will oversee this cooperation in accordance
with Article 8.
8. The Parties shall cooperate
in areas of joint economic interest, to best realize the human
potential of their respective peoples. In this regard, they will
work bilaterally, regionally, and with the international community
to maximize the benefit of peace to the broadest cross-section
of their respective populations. Relevant standing bodies shall
be established by the Parties to this effect.
9. The Parties shall establish
robust modalities for security cooperation, and engage in a comprehensive
and uninterrupted effort to end terrorism and violence directed
against each others persons, property, institutions or territory.
This effort shall continue at all times, and shall be insulated
from any possible crises and other aspects of the Parties' relations.
10. Israel and Palestine shall
work together and separately with other parties in the region
to enhance and promote regional cooperation and coordination
in spheres of common interest.
11. The Parties shall establish
a ministerial-level Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee
to guide, monitor, and facilitate the process of implementation
of this Agreement, both bilaterally and in accordance with the
mechanisms in Article 3 hereunder.
Article 3: Implementation
and Verification Group
1. Establishment and Composition
(a) An Implementation and Verification Group (IVG) shall hereby
be established to facilitate, assist in, guarantee, monitor,
and resolve disputes relating to the implementation of this Agreement.
(b) The IVG shall include the
U.S., the Russian Federation, the EU, the UN, and other parties,
both regional and international, to be agreed on by the Parties.
(c) The IVG shall work in coordination
with the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee established
in Article 2/11 above and subsequent to that with the Israeli-Palestinian
Cooperation Committee (IPCC) established in Article 8 hereunder.
(d) The structure, procedures,
and modalities of the IVG are set forth below and detailed in
(a) A senior political-level contact group (Contact Group), composed
of all the IVG members, shall be the highest authority in the
(b) The Contact Group shall
appoint, in consultation with the Parties, a Special Representative
who will be the principal executive of the IVG on the ground.
The Special Representative shall manage the work of the IVG and
maintain constant contact with the Parties, the Palestinian-Israeli
High Steering Committee, and the Contact Group.
(c) The IVG permanent headquarters
and secretariat shall be based in an agreed upon location in
(d) The IVG shall establish
its bodies referred to in this Agreement and additional bodies
as it deems necessary. These bodies shall be an integral part
of and under the authority of the IVG.
(e) The Multinational Force
(MF) established under Article 5 shall be an integral part of
the IVG. The Special Representative shall, subject to the approval
of the Parties, appoint the Commander of the MF who shall be
responsible for the daily command of the MF. Details relating
to the Special Representative and MF Force Commander are set
forth in Annex X.
(f) The IVG shall establish
a dispute settlement mechanism, in accordance with Article 16.
3. Coordination with the
A Trilateral Committee composed of the Special Representative
and the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee shall be
established and shall meet on at least a monthly basis to review
the implementation of this Agreement. The Trilateral Committee
will convene within 48 hours upon the request of any of the three
In addition to the functions specified elsewhere in this Agreement,
the IVG shall:
(a) Take appropriate measures based on the reports it receives
from the MF,
(b) Assist the Parties in implementing the Agreement and preempt
and promptly mediate disputes on the ground.
In accordance with the progress in the implementation of this
Agreement, and with the fulfillment of the specific mandated
functions, the IVG shall terminate its activities in the said
spheres. The IVG shall continue to exist unless otherwise agreed
by the Parties.
Article 4 - Territory
1. The International Borders
between the States of Palestine and Israel
(a) In accordance with UNSC Resolution 242 and 338, the border
between the states of Palestine and Israel shall be based on
the June 4th 1967 lines with reciprocal modifications on a 1:1
basis as set forth in attached Map 1.
(b) The Parties recognize the
border, as set out in attached Map 1, as the permanent, secure
and recognized international boundary between them.
2. Sovereignty and Inviolability
(a) The Parties recognize and respect each other's sovereignty,
territorial integrity, and political independence, as well as
the inviolability of each others territory, including territorial
waters, and airspace. They shall respect this inviolability in
accordance with this Agreement, the UN Charter, and other rules
of international law.
(b) The Parties recognize each
other's rights in their exclusive economic zones in accordance
with international law.
3. Israeli Withdrawal
(a) Israel shall withdraw in accordance with Article 5.
(b) Palestine shall assume
responsibility for the areas from which Israel withdraws.
(c) The transfer of authority
from Israel to Palestine shall be in accordance with Annex X.
(d) The IVG shall monitor,
verify, and facilitate the implementation of this Article.
(a) A Joint Technical Border Commission (Commission) composed
of the two Parties shall be established to conduct the technical
demarcation of the border in accordance with this Article. The
procedures governing the work of this Commission are set forth
in Annex X.
(b) Any disagreement in the
Commission shall be referred to the IVG in accordance with Annex
(c) The physical demarcation
of the international borders shall be completed by the Commission
not later than nine months from the date of the entry into force
of this Agreement.
(a) The state of Israel shall be responsible for resettling the
Israelis residing in Palestinian sovereign territory outside
(b) The resettlement shall
be completed according to the schedule stipulated in Article
(c) Existing arrangements in
the West Bank and Gaza Strip regarding Israeli settlers and settlements,
including security, shall remain in force in each of the settlements
until the date prescribed in the timetable for the completion
of the evacuation of the relevant settlement.
(d) Modalities for the assumption
of authority over settlements by Palestine are set forth in Annex
X. The IVG shall resolve any disputes that may arise during its
(e) Israel shall keep intact
the immovable property, infrastructure and facilities in Israeli
settlements to be transferred to Palestinian sovereignty. An
agreed inventory shall be drawn up by the Parties with the IVG
in advance of the completion of the evacuation and in accordance
with Annex X.
(f) The state of Palestine
shall have exclusive title to all land and any buildings, facilities,
infrastructure or other property remaining in any of the settlements
on the date prescribed in the timetable for the completion of
the evacuation of this settlement.
(a) The states of Palestine and Israel shall establish a corridor
linking the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This corridor shall:
i. Be under Israeli sovereignty.
ii. Be permanently open.
iii. Be under Palestinian administration in accordance with Annex
X of this Agreement. Palestinian law shall apply to persons using
and procedures appertaining to the corridor.
iv. Not disrupt Israeli transportation and other infrastructural
networks, or endanger the environment, public safety or public
health. Where necessary, engineering solutions will be sought
to avoid such disruptions.
v. Allow for the establishment of the necessary infrastructural
facilities linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Infrastructural
facilities shall be understood to include, inter alia, pipelines,
electrical and communications cables, and associated equipment
as detailed in Annex X.
vi. Not be used in contravention of this Agreement.
(b) Defensive barriers shall
be established along the corridor and Palestinians shall not
enter Israel from this corridor, nor shall Israelis enter Palestine
from the corridor.
(c) The Parties shall seek
the assistance of the international community in securing the
financing for the corridor.
(d) The IVG shall guarantee
the implementation of this Article in accordance with Annex X.
(e) Any disputes arising between
the Parties from the operation of the corridor shall be resolved
in accordance with Article 16.
(f) The arrangements set forth
in this clause may only be terminated or revised by agreement
of both Parties.
Article 5 - Security
1. General Security Provisions
(a) The Parties acknowledge that mutual understanding and co-operation
in security-related matters will form a significant part of their
bilateral relations and will further enhance regional security.
Palestine and Israel shall base their security relations on cooperation,
mutual trust, good neighborly relations, and the protection of
their joint interests.
(b) Palestine and Israel each
i. Recognize and respect the other's right to live in peace within
secure and recognized boundaries free from the threat or acts
of war, terrorism and violence;
ii. refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial
integrity or political independence of the other and shall settle
all disputes between them by peaceful means;
iii. refrain from joining, assisting, promoting or co-operating
with any coalition, organization or alliance of a military or
security character, the objectives or activities of which include
launching aggression or other acts of hostility against the other;
iv. refrain from organizing, encouraging, or allowing the formation
of irregular forces or armed bands, including mercenaries and
militias within their respective territory and prevent their
establishment. In this respect, any existing irregular forces
or armed bands shall be disbanded and prevented from reforming
at any future date;
v. refrain from organizing, assisting, allowing, or participating
in acts of violence in or against the other or acquiescing in
activities directed toward the commission of such acts.
(c) To further security cooperation,
the Parties shall establish a high level Joint Security Committee
that shall meet on at least a monthly basis. The Joint Security
Committee shall have a permanent joint office, and may establish
such sub-committees as it deems necessary, including sub-committees
to immediately resolve localized tensions.
2. Regional Security
i. Israel and Palestine shall work together with their neighbors
and the international community to build a secure and stable
Middle East, free from weapons of mass destruction, both conventional
and non-conventional, in the context of a comprehensive, lasting,
and stable peace, characterized by reconciliation, goodwill,
and the renunciation of the use of force.
ii. To this end, the Parties
shall work together to establish a regional security regime.
3. Defense Characteristics
of the Palestinian State
(a) No armed forces, other than as specified in this Agreement,
will be deployed or stationed in Palestine.
(b) Palestine shall be a non-militarized
state, with a strong security force. Accordingly, the limitations
on the weapons that may be purchased, owned, or used by the Palestinian
Security Force (PSF) or manufactured in Palestine shall be specified
in Annex X. Any proposed changes to Annex X shall be considered
by a trilateral committee composed of the two Parties and the
MF. If no agreement is reached in the trilateral committee, the
IVG may make its own recommendations.
i. No individuals or organizations in Palestine other than the
PSF and the organs of the IVG, including the MF, may purchase,
possess, carry or use weapons except as provided by law.
(c) The PSF shall:
i. Maintain border control;
ii. Maintain law-and-order and perform police functions;
iii. Perform intelligence and security functions;
iv. Prevent terrorism;
v. Conduct rescue and emergency missions; and
vi. Supplement essential community services when necessary.
(d) The MF shall monitor and
verify compliance with this clause.
(a) The Parties reject and condemn terrorism and violence in
all its forms and shall pursue public policies accordingly. In
addition, the parties shall refrain from actions and policies
that are liable to nurture extremism and create conditions conducive
to terrorism on either side.
(b) The Parties shall take
joint and, in their respective territories, unilateral comprehensive
and continuous efforts against all aspects of violence and terrorism.
These efforts shall include the prevention and preemption of
such acts, and the prosecution of their perpetrators.
(c) To that end, the Parties
shall maintain ongoing consultation, cooperation, and exchange
of information between their respective security forces.
(d) A Trilateral Security Committee
composed of the two Parties and the United States shall be formed
to ensure the implementation of this Article. The Trilateral
Security Committee shall develop comprehensive policies and guidelines
to fight terrorism and violence.
(a) Without prejudice to freedom of expression and other internationally
recognized human rights, Israel and Palestine shall promulgate
laws to prevent incitement to irredentism, racism, terrorism
and violence and vigorously enforce them.
(b) The IVG shall assist the
Parties in establishing guidelines for the implementation of
this clause, and shall monitor the Parties' adherence thereto.
6. Multinational Force
(a) A Multinational Force (MF) shall be established to provide
security guarantees to the Parties, act as a deterrent, and oversee
the implementation of the relevant provisions of this Agreement.
(b) The composition, structure
and size of the MF are set forth in Annex X.
(c) To perform the functions
specified in this Agreement, the MF shall be deployed in the
state of Palestine. The MF shall enter into the appropriate Status
of Forces Agreement (SOFA) with the state of Palestine.
(d) In accordance with this
Agreement, and as detailed in Annex X, the MF shall:
i. In light of the non-militarized nature of the Palestinian
state, protect the territorial integrity of the state of Palestine.
ii. Serve as a deterrent against
external attacks that could threaten either of the Parties.
iii. Deploy observers to areas
adjacent to the lines of the Israeli withdrawal during the phases
of this withdrawal, in accordance with Annex X.
iv. Deploy observers to monitor
the territorial and maritime borders of the state of Palestine,
as specified in clause 5/13.
v. Perform the functions on
the Palestinian international border crossings specified in clause
vi. Perform the functions relating
to the early warning stations as specified in clause 5/8.
vii. Perform the functions
specified in clause 5/3.
viii. Perform the functions
specified in clause 5/7.
ix. Perform the functions specified
in Article 10.
x. Help in the enforcement
of anti-terrorism measures.
xi. Help in the training of
(e) In relation to the above,
the MF shall report to and update the IVG in accordance with
(f) The MF shall only be withdrawn
or have its mandate changed by agreement of the Parties.
(a) Israel shall withdraw all its military and security personnel
and equipment, including landmines, and all persons employed
to support them, and all military installations from the territory
of the state of Palestine, except as otherwise agreed in Annex
X, in stages.
(b) The staged withdrawals
shall commence immediately upon entry into force of this Agreement
and shall be made in accordance with the timetable and modalities
set forth in Annex X.
(c) The stages shall be designed
subject to the following principles:
i. The need to create immediate clear contiguity and facilitate
the early implementation of Palestinian development plans.
ii. Israel's capacity to relocate,
house and absorb settlers. While costs and inconveniences are
inherent in such a process, these shall not be unduly disruptive.
iii. The need to construct
and operationalize the border between the two states.
iv. The introduction and effective
functioning of the MF, in particular on the eastern border of
the state of Palestine.
(d) Accordingly, the withdrawal
shall be implemented in the following stages:
i. The first stage shall include the areas of the state of Palestine,
as defined in Map X, and shall be completed within 9 months.
ii. The second and third stages
shall include the remainder of the territory of the state of
Palestine and shall be completed within 21 months of the end
of the first stage.
(e) Israel shall complete its
withdrawal from the territory of the state of Palestine within
30 months of the entry into force of this Agreement, and in accordance
with this Agreement.
(f) Israel will maintain a
small military presence in the Jordan Valley under the authority
of the MF and subject to the MF SOFA as detailed in Annex X for
an additional 36 months. The stipulated period may be reviewed
by the Parties in the event of relevant regional developments,
and may be altered by the Parties' consent.
(g) In accordance with Annex
X, the MF shall monitor and verify compliance with this clause.
8. Early Warning Stations
(a) Israel may maintain two EWS in the northern, and central
West Bank at the locations set forth in Annex X.
(b) The EWS shall be staffed
by the minimal required number of Israeli personnel and shall
occupy the minimal amount of land necessary for their operation
as set forth in Annex X.
(c) Access to the EWS will
be guaranteed and escorted by the MF.
(d) Internal security of the
EWS shall be the responsibility of Israel. The perimeter security
of the EWS shall be the responsibility of the MF.
(e) The MF and the PSF shall
maintain a liaison presence in the EWS. The MF shall monitor
and verify that the EWS is being used for purposes recognized
by this Agreement as detailed in Annex X.
(f) The arrangements set forth
in this Article shall be subject to review in ten years, with
any changes to be mutually agreed. Thereafter, there will be
five-yearly reviews whereby the arrangements set forth in this
Article may be extended by mutual consent.
(g) If at any point during
the period specified above a regional security regime is established,
then the IVG may request that the Parties review whether to continue
or revise operational uses for the EWS in light of these developments.
Any such change will require the mutual consent of the Parties.
(a) Civil Aviation
i. The Parties recognize as applicable to each other the rights,
privileges and obligations provided for by the multilateral aviation
agreements to which they are both party, particularly by the
1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (The Chicago
Convention) and the 1944 International Air Services Transit Agreement.
ii. In addition, the Parties
shall, upon entry into force of this Agreement, establish a trilateral
committee composed of the two Parties and the IVG to design the
most efficient management system for civil aviation, including
those relevant aspects of the air traffic control system. In
the absence of consensus the IVG may make its own recommendations.
i. The Israeli Air Force shall be entitled to use the Palestinian
sovereign airspace for training purposes in accordance with Annex
X, which shall be based on rules pertaining to IAF use of Israeli
ii. The IVG shall monitor and
verify compliance with this clause. Either Party may submit a
complaint to the IVG whose decision shall be conclusive.
iii. The arrangements set forth
in this clause shall be subject to review every ten years, and
may be altered or terminated by the agreement of both Parties.
10. Electromagnetic Sphere
(a) Neither Party's use of the electromagnetic sphere may interfere
with the other Party's use.
(b) Annex X shall detail arrangements
relating to the use of the electromagnetic sphere.
(c) The IVG shall monitor and
verify the implementation of this clause and Annex X.
(d) Any Party may submit a
complaint to the IVG whose decision shall be conclusive.
11. Law Enforcement
The Israeli and Palestinian law enforcement agencies shall cooperate
in combating illicit drug trafficking, illegal trafficking in
archaeological artifacts and objects of arts, cross-border crime,
including theft and fraud, organized crime, trafficking in women
and minors, counterfeiting, pirate TV and radio stations, and
other illegal activity.
12. International Border
(a) The following arrangements shall apply to borders crossing
between the state of Palestine and Jordan, the state of Palestine
and Egypt, as well as airport and seaport entry points to the
state of Palestine.
(b) All border crossings shall
be monitored by joint teams composed of members of the PSF and
the MF. These teams shall prevent the entry into Palestine of
any weapons, materials or equipment that are in contravention
of the provisions of this Agreement.
(c) The MF representatives
and the PSF will have, jointly and separately, the authority
to block the entry into Palestine of any such items. If at any
time a disagreement regarding the entrance of goods or materials
arises between the PSF and the MF representatives, the PSF may
bring the matter to the IVG, whose binding conclusions shall
be rendered within 24 hours.
(d) This arrangement shall
be reviewed by the IVG after 5 years to determine its continuation,
modification or termination. Thereafter, the Palestinian party
may request such a review on an annual basis.
(e) In passenger terminals,
for thirty months, Israel may maintain an unseen presence in
a designated on-site facility, to be staffed by members of the
MF and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology. The Israeli
side may request that the MF-PSF conduct further inspections
and take appropriate action.
(f) For the following two years,
these arrangements will continue in a specially designated facility
in Israel, utilizing appropriate technology. This shall not cause
delays beyond the procedures outlined in this clause.
(g) In cargo terminals, for
thirty months, Israel may maintain an unseen presence in a designated
on-site facility, to be staffed by members of the MF and Israelis,
utilizing appropriate technology. The Israeli side may request
that the MF-PSF conduct further inspections and take appropriate
action. If the Israeli side is not satisfied by the MF-PSF action,
it may demand that the cargo be detained pending a decision by
an MF inspector. The MF inspector's decision shall be binding
and final, and shall be rendered within 12 hours of the Israeli
(h) For the following three
years, these arrangements will continue from a specially designated
facility in Israel, utilizing appropriate technology. This shall
not cause delays beyond the timelines outlined in this clause.
(i) A high level trilateral
committee composed of representatives of Palestine, Israel, and
the IVG shall meet regularly to monitor the application of these
procedures and correct any irregularities, and may be convened
(j) The details of the above
are set forth in Annex X.
13. Border Control
(a) The PSF shall maintain border control as detailed in Annex
(b) The MF shall monitor and
verify the maintenance of border control by the PSF.
Article 6 - Jerusalem
1. Religious and Cultural
(a) The Parties recognize the universal historic, religious,
spiritual, and cultural significance of Jerusalem and its holiness
enshrined in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In recognition
of this status, the Parties reaffirm their commitment to safeguard
the character, holiness, and freedom of worship in the city and
to respect the existing division of administrative functions
and traditional practices between different denominations.
(b) The Parties shall establish
an inter-faith body consisting of representatives of the three
monotheistic faiths, to act as a consultative body to the Parties
on matters related to the city's religious significance and to
promote inter-religious understanding and dialogue. The composition,
procedures, and modalities for this body are set forth in Annex
2. Capital of Two States
The Parties shall have their mutually recognized capitals in
the areas of Jerusalem under their respective sovereignty.
Sovereignty in Jerusalem shall be in accordance with attached
Map 2. This shall not prejudice nor be prejudiced by the arrangements
set forth below.
4. Border Regime
The border regime shall be designed according to the provisions
of Article 11, and taking into account the specific needs of
Jerusalem (e.g., movement of tourists and intensity of border
crossing use including provisions for Jerusalemites) and the
provisions of this Article.
5. al-Haram al-Sharif/Temple
(a) International Group
i. An International Group, composed of the IVG and other parties
to be agreed upon by the Parties, including members of the Organization
of the Islamic Conference (OIC), shall hereby be established
to monitor, verify, and assist in the implementation of this
ii. For this purpose, the International
Group shall establish a Multinational Presence on the Compound,
the composition, structure, mandate and functions of which are
set forth in Annex X.
iii. The Multinational Presence
shall have specialized detachments dealing with security and
conservation. The Multinational Presence shall make periodic
conservation and security reports to the International Group.
These reports shall be made public.
iv. The Multinational Presence
shall strive to immediately resolve any problems arising and
may refer any unresolved disputes to the International Group
that will function in accordance with Article 16.
v. The Parties may at any time
request clarifications or submit complaints to the International
Group which shall be promptly investigated and acted upon.
vi. The International Group
shall draw up rules and regulations to maintain security on and
conservation of the Compound. These shall include lists of the
weapons and equipment permitted on the site.
(b) Regulations Regarding the
i. In view of the sanctity of the Compound, and in light of the
unique religious and cultural significance of the site to the
Jewish people, there shall be no digging, excavation, or construction
on the Compound, unless approved by the two Parties. Procedures
for regular maintenance and emergency repairs on the Compound
shall be established by the IG after consultation with the Parties.
ii. The state of Palestine
shall be responsible for maintaining the security of the Compound
and for ensuring that it will not be used for any hostile acts
against Israelis or Israeli areas. The only arms permitted on
the Compound shall be those carried by the Palestinian security
personnel and the security detachment of the Multinational Presence.
iii. In light of the universal
significance of the Compound, and subject to security considerations
and to the need not to disrupt religious worship or decorum on
the site as determined by the Waqf, visitors shall be allowed
access to the site. This shall be without any discrimination
and generally be in accordance with past practice.
(c) Transfer of Authority
i. At the end of the withdrawal period stipulated in Article
5/7, the state of Palestine shall assert sovereignty over the
ii. The International Group
and its subsidiary organs shall continue to exist and fulfill
all the functions stipulated in this Article unless otherwise
agreed by the two Parties.
6. The Wailing Wall
The Wailing Wall shall be under Israeli sovereignty.
7. The Old City
(a) Significance of the Old City
i. The Parties view the Old City as one whole enjoying a unique
character. The Parties agree that the preservation of this unique
character together with safeguarding and promoting the welfare
of the inhabitants should guide the administration of the Old
ii. The Parties shall act in
accordance with the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List regulations,
in which the Old City is a registered site.
(b) IVG Role in the Old City
i. Cultural Heritage
1. The IVG shall monitor and verify the preservation of cultural
heritage in the Old City in accordance with the UNESCO World
Cultural Heritage List rules. For this purpose, the IVG shall
have free and unimpeded access to sites, documents, and information
related to the performance of this function.
2. The IVG shall work in close coordination with the Old City
Committee of the Jerusalem Coordination and Development Committee
(JCDC), including in devising a restoration and preservation
plan for the Old City.
1. The IVG shall establish an Old City Policing Unit (PU) to
liaise with, coordinate between, and assist the Palestinian and
Israeli police forces in the Old City, to defuse localized tensions
and help resolve disputes, and to perform policing duties in
locations specified in and according to operational procedures
detailed in Annex X.
2. The PU shall periodically report to the IVG.
iii. Either Party may submit
complaints in relation to this clause to the IVG, which shall
promptly act upon them in accordance with Article 16.
(c) Free Movement within the
Movement within the Old City shall be free and unimpeded subject
to the provisions of this article and rules and regulations pertaining
to the various holy sites.
(d) Entry into and Exit from
the Old City
i. Entry and exit points into and from the Old City will be staffed
by the authorities of the state under whose sovereignty the point
falls, with the presence of PU members, unless otherwise specified.
ii. With a view to facilitating
movement into the Old City, each Party shall take such measures
at the entry points in its territory as to ensure the preservation
of security in the Old City. The PU shall monitor the operation
of the entry points.
iii. Citizens of either Party
may not exit the Old City into the territory of the other Party
unless they are in possession of the relevant documentation that
entitles them to. Tourists may only exit the Old City into the
territory of the Party which they posses valid authorization
(e) Suspension, Termination,
i. Either Party may suspend the arrangements set forth in Article
6.7.iii in cases of emergency for one week. The extension of
such suspension for longer than a week shall be pursuant to consultation
with the other Party and the IVG at the Trilateral Committee
established in Article 3/3.
ii. This clause shall not apply
to the arrangements set forth in Article 6/7/vi.
iii. Three years after the
transfer of authority over the Old City, the Parties shall review
these arrangements. These arrangements may only be terminated
by agreement of the Parties.
iv. The Parties shall examine
the possibility of expanding these arrangements beyond the Old
City and may agree to such an expansion.
(f) Special Arrangements
i. Along the way outlined in Map X (from the Jaffa Gate to the
Zion Gate) there will be permanent and guaranteed arrangements
for Israelis regarding access, freedom of movement, and security,
as set forth in Annex X.
1. The IVG shall be responsible for the implementation of these
ii. Without prejudice to Palestinian
sovereignty, Israeli administration of the Citadel will be as
outlined in Annex X.
(g) Color-Coding of the Old
A visible color-coding scheme shall be used in the Old City to
denote the sovereign areas of the respective Parties.
i. An agreed number of Israeli police shall constitute the Israeli
Old City police detachment and shall exercise responsibility
for maintaining order and day-to-day policing functions in the
area under Israeli sovereignty.
ii. An agreed number of Palestinian
police shall constitute the Palestinian Old City police detachment
and shall exercise responsibility for maintaining order and day-to-day
policing functions in the area under Palestinian sovereignty.
iii. All members of the respective
Israeli and Palestinian Old City police detachments shall undergo
special training, including joint training exercises, to be administered
by the PU.
iv. A special Joint Situation
Room, under the direction of the PU and incorporating members
of the Israeli and Palestinian Old City police detachments, shall
facilitate liaison on all relevant matters of policing and security
in the Old City.
No person shall be allowed to carry or possess arms in the Old
City, with the exception of the Police Forces provided for in
this agreement. In addition, each Party may grant special written
permission to carry or possess arms in areas under its sovereignty.
(j) Intelligence and Security
i. The Parties shall establish intensive intelligence cooperation
regarding the Old City, including the immediate sharing of threat
ii. A trilateral committee
composed of the two Parties and representatives of the United
States shall be established to facilitate this cooperation.
8. Mount of Olives Cemetery
(a) The area outlined in Map X (the Jewish Cemetery on the Mount
of Olives) shall be under Israeli administration; Israeli law
shall apply to persons using and procedures appertaining to this
area in accordance with Annex X.
i. There shall be a designated road to provide free, unlimited,
and unimpeded access to the Cemetery.
ii. The IVG shall monitor the
implementation of this clause.
iii. This arrangement may only
be terminated by the agreement of both Parties.
9. Special Cemetery Arrangements
Arrangements shall be established in the two cemeteries designated
in Map X (Mount Zion Cemetery and the German Colony Cemetery),
to facilitate and ensure the continuation of the current burial
and visitation practices, including the facilitation of access.
10. The Western Wall Tunnel
(a) The Western Wall Tunnel designated in Map X shall be under
Israeli administration, including:
i. Unrestricted Israeli access and right to worship and conduct
ii. Responsibility for the preservation and maintenance of the
site in accordance with this Agreement and without damaging structures
above, under IVG supervision.
iii. Israeli policing.
iv. IVG monitoring
v. The Northern Exit of the Tunnel shall only be used for exit
and may only be closed in case of emergency as stipulated in
(b) This arrangement may only
be terminated by the agreement of both Parties.
11. Municipal Coordination
(a) The two Jerusalem municipalities shall form a Jerusalem Co-ordination
and Development Committee ("JCDC") to oversee the cooperation
and coordination between the Palestinian Jerusalem municipality
and the Israeli Jerusalem municipality. The JCDC and its sub-committees
shall be composed of an equal number of representatives from
Palestine and Israel. Each side will appoint members of the JCDC
and its subcommittees in accordance with its own modalities.
(b) The JCDC shall ensure that
the coordination of infrastructure and services best serves the
residents of Jerusalem, and shall promote the economic development
of the city to the benefit of all. The JCDC will act to encourage
cross-community dialogue and reconciliation.
(c) The JCDC shall have the
i. A Planning and Zoning Committee: to ensure agreed planning
and zoning regulations in areas designated in Annex X.
ii. A Hydro Infrastructure
Committee: to handle matters relating to drinking water delivery,
drainage, and wastewater collection and treatment.
iii. A Transport Committee:
to coordinate relevant connectedness and compatibility of the
two road systems and other issues pertaining to transport.
iv. An Environmental Committee:
to deal with environmental issues affecting the quality of life
in the city, including solid waste management.
v. An Economic and Development
Committee: to formulate plans for economic development in areas
of joint interest, including in the areas of transportation,
seam line commercial cooperation, and tourism.
vi. A Police and Emergency
Services Committee: to coordinate measures for the maintenance
of public order and crime prevention and the provision of emergency
vii. An Old City Committee:
to plan and closely coordinate the joint provision of the relevant
municipal services, and other functions stipulated in Article
viii. Other Committees as agreed
in the JCDC.
12. Israeli Residency of
Palestinian Jerusalemites who currently are permanent residents
of Israel shall lose this status upon the transfer of authority
to Palestine of those areas in which they reside.
13. Transfer of authority
The Parties will apply in certain socio-economic spheres interim
measures to ensure the agreed, expeditious, and orderly transfer
of powers and obligations from Israel to Palestine. This shall
be done in a manner that preserves the accumulated socio-economic
rights of the residents of East Jerusalem.
Article 7 - Refugees
1. Significance of the Refugee
(a) The Parties recognize that, in the context of two independent
states, Palestine and Israel, living side by side in peace, an
agreed resolution of the refugee problem is necessary for achieving
a just, comprehensive and lasting peace between them.
(b) Such a resolution will
also be central to stability building and development in the
2. UNGAR 194, UNSC Resolution
242, and the Arab Peace Initiative
(a) The Parties recognize that UNGAR 194, UNSC Resolution 242,
and the Arab Peace Initiative (Article 2.ii.) concerning the
rights of the Palestinian refugees represent the basis for resolving
the refugee issue, and agree that these rights are fulfilled
according to Article 7 of this Agreement.
(a) Refugees shall be entitled to compensation for their refugeehood
and for loss of property. This shall not prejudice or be prejudiced
by the refugee's permanent place of residence.
(b) The Parties recognize the
right of states that have hosted Palestinian refugees to remuneration.
4. Choice of Permanent Place
of Residence (PPR)
The solution to the PPR aspect of the refugee problem shall entail
an act of informed choice on the part of the refugee to be exercised
in accordance with the options and modalities set forth in this
agreement. PPR options from which the refugees may choose shall
be as follows;
(a) The state of Palestine, in accordance with clause a below.
(b) Areas in Israel being transferred to Palestine in the land
swap, following assumption of Palestinian sovereignty, in accordance
with clause a below.
(c) Third Countries, in accordance with clause b below.
(d) The state of Israel, in accordance with clause c below.
(e) Present Host countries, in accordance with clause d below.
i. PPR options i and ii shall be the right of all Palestinian
refugees and shall be in accordance with the laws of the State
ii. Option iii shall be at the sovereign discretion of third
countries and shall be in accordance with numbers that each third
country will submit to the International Commission. These numbers
shall represent the total number of Palestinian refugees that
each third country shall accept.
iii. Option iv shall be at the sovereign discretion of Israel
and will be in accordance with a number that Israel will submit
to the International Commission. This number shall represent
the total number of Palestinian refugees that Israel shall accept.
As a basis, Israel will consider the average of the total numbers
submitted by the different third countries to the International
iv. Option v shall be in accordance with the sovereign discretion
of present host countries. Where exercised this shall be in the
context of prompt and extensive development and rehabilitation
programs for the refugee communities.
Priority in all the above shall
be accorded to the Palestinian refugee population in Lebanon.
5. Free and Informed Choice
The process by which Palestinian refugees shall express their
PPR choice shall be on the basis of a free and informed decision.
The Parties themselves are committed and will encourage third
parties to facilitate the refugees' free choice in expressing
their preferences, and to countering any attempts at interference
or organized pressure on the process of choice. This will not
prejudice the recognition of Palestine as the realization of
Palestinian self-determination and statehood.
6. End of Refugee Status
Palestinian refugee status shall be terminated upon the realization
of an individual refugee's permanent place of residence (PPR)
as determined by the International Commission.
7. End of Claims
This agreement provides for the permanent and complete resolution
of the Palestinian refugee problem. No claims may be raised except
for those related to the implementation of this agreement.
8. International Role
The Parties call upon the international community to participate
fully in the comprehensive resolution of the refugee problem
in accordance with this Agreement, including, inter alia, the
establishment of an International Commission and an International
9. Property Compensation
(a) Refugees shall be compensated for the loss of property resulting
from their displacement.
(b) The aggregate sum of property
compensation shall be calculated as follows:
i. The Parties shall request the International Commission to
appoint a Panel of Experts to estimate the value of Palestinians'
property at the time of displacement.
ii. The Panel of Experts shall
base its assessment on the UNCCP records, the records of the
Custodian for Absentee Property, and any other records it deems
relevant. The Parties shall make these records available to the
iii. The Parties shall appoint
experts to advise and assist the Panel in its work.
iv. Within 6 months, the Panel
shall submit its estimates to the Parties.
v. The Parties shall agree
on an economic multiplier, to be applied to the estimates, to
reach a fair aggregate value of the property.
(c) The aggregate value agreed
to by the Parties shall constitute the Israeli "lump sum"
contribution to the International Fund. No other financial claims
arising from the Palestinian refugee problem may be raised against
(d) Israel's contribution shall
be made in installments in accordance with Schedule X.
(e) The value of the Israeli
fixed assets that shall remain intact in former settlements and
transferred to the state of Palestine will be deducted from Israel's
contribution to the International Fund. An estimation of this
value shall be made by the International Fund, taking into account
assessment of damage caused by the settlements.
10. Compensation for Refugeehood
(a) A "Refugeehood Fund" shall be established in recognition
of each individual's refugeehood. The Fund, to which Israel shall
be a contributing party, shall be overseen by the International
Commission. The structure and financing of the Fund is set forth
in Annex X.
(b) Funds will be disbursed
to refugee communities in the former areas of UNRWA operation,
and will be at their disposal for communal development and commemoration
of the refugee experience. Appropriate mechanisms will be devised
by the International Commission whereby the beneficiary refugee
communities are empowered to determine and administer the use
of this Fund.
11. The International Commission
(a) Mandate and Composition
i. An International Commission shall be established and shall
have full and exclusive responsibility for implementing all aspects
of this Agreement pertaining to refugees.
ii. In addition to themselves,
the Parties call upon the United Nations, the United States,
UNRWA, the Arab host countries, the EU, Switzerland, Canada,
Norway, Japan, the World Bank, the Russian Federation, and others
to be the members of the Commission.
iii. The Commission shall:
1. Oversee and manage the process whereby the status and PPR
of Palestinian refugees is determined and realized.
2. Oversee and manage, in close cooperation with the host states,
the rehabilitation and development programs.
3. Raise and disburse funds as appropriate.
iv. The Parties shall make
available to the Commission all relevant documentary records
and archival materials in their possession that it deems necessary
for the functioning of the Commission and its organs. The Commission
may request such materials from all other relevant parties and
bodies, including, inter alia, UNCCP and UNRWA.
i. The Commission shall be governed by an Executive Board (Board)
composed of representatives of its members.
ii. The Board shall be the
highest authority in the Commission and shall make the relevant
policy decisions in accordance with this Agreement.
iii. The Board shall draw up
the procedures governing the work of the Commission in accordance
with this Agreement.
iv. The Board shall oversee
the conduct of the various Committees of the Commission. The
said Committees shall periodically report to the Board in accordance
with procedures set forth thereby.
v. The Board shall create a
Secretariat and appoint a Chair thereof. The Chair and the Secretariat
shall conduct the day-to-day operation of the Commission.
(c) Specific Committees
i. The Commission shall establish the Technical Committees specified
ii. Unless otherwise specified
in this Agreement, the Board shall determine the structure and
procedures of the Committees.
iii. The Parties may make submissions
to the Committees as deemed necessary.
iv. The Committees shall establish
mechanisms for resolution of disputes arising from the interpretation
or implementation of the provisions of this Agreement relating
v. The Committees shall function
in accordance with this Agreement, and shall render binding decisions
vi. Refugees shall have the
right to appeal decisions affecting them according to mechanisms
established by this Agreement and detailed in Annex X.
(d) Status-determination Committee:
i. The Status-determination Committee shall be responsible for
verifying refugee status.
ii. UNRWA registration shall
be considered as rebuttable presumption (prima facie proof) of
(e) Compensation Committee:
i. The Compensation Committee shall be responsible for administering
the implementation of the compensation provisions.
ii. The Committee shall disburse
compensation for individual property pursuant to the following
1. Either a fixed per capita award for property claims below
a specified value. This will require the claimant to only prove
title, and shall be processed according to a fast-track procedure,
2. A claims-based award for property claims exceeding a specified
value for immovables and other assets. This will require the
claimant to prove both title and the value of the losses.
iii. Annex X shall elaborate
the details of the above including, but not limited to, evidentiary
issues and the use of UNCCP, "Custodian for Absentees' Property",
and UNRWA records, along with any other relevant records.
(f) Host State Remuneration
There shall be remuneration for host states.
(g) Permanent Place of Residence
Committee (PPR Committee):
The PPR Committee shall,
i. Develop with all the relevant parties detailed programs regarding
the implementation of the PPR options pursuant to Article 7/4
ii. Assist the applicants in
making an informed choice regarding PPR options.
iii. Receive applications from
refugees regarding PPR. The applicants must indicate a number
of preferences in accordance with article 7/4 above. The applications
shall be received no later than two years after the start of
the International Commission's operations. Refugees who do not
submit such applications within the two-year period shall lose
their refugee status.
iv. Determine, in accordance
with sub-Article (a) above, the PPR of the applicants, taking
into account individual preferences and maintenance of family
unity. Applicants who do not avail themselves of the Committee's
PPR determination shall lose their refugee status.
v. Provide the applicants with
the appropriate technical and legal assistance.
vi. The PPR of Palestinian
refugees shall be realized within 5 years of the start of the
International Commission's operations.
(h) Refugeehood Fund Committee
The Refugeehood Fund Committee shall implement Article 7/10 as
detailed in Annex X.
(i) Rehabilitation and Development
In accordance with the aims of this Agreement and noting the
above PPR programs, the Rehabilitation and Development Committee
shall work closely with Palestine, Host Countries and other relevant
third countries and parties in pursuing the goal of refugee rehabilitation
and community development. This shall include devising programs
and plans to provide the former refugees with opportunities for
personal and communal development, housing, education, healthcare,
re-training and other needs. This shall be integrated in the
general development plans for the region.
12. The International Fund
(a) An International Fund (the Fund) shall be established to
receive contributions outlined in this Article and additional
contributions from the international community. The Fund shall
disburse monies to the Commission to enable it to carry out its
functions. The Fund shall audit the Commission's work.
(b) The structure, composition
and operation of the Fund are set forth in Annex X.
(a) UNRWA should be phased out in each country in which it operates,
based on the end of refugee status in that country.
(b) UNRWA should cease to exist
five years after the start of the Commission's operations. The
Commission shall draw up a plan for the phasing out of UNRWA
and shall facilitate the transfer of UNRWA functions to host
14. Reconciliation Programs
(a) The Parties will encourage and promote the development of
cooperation between their relevant institutions and civil societies
in creating forums for exchanging historical narratives and enhancing
mutual understanding regarding the past.
(b) The Parties shall encourage
and facilitate exchanges in order to disseminate a richer appreciation
of these respective narratives, in the fields of formal and informal
education, by providing conditions for direct contacts between
schools, educational institutions and civil society.
(c) The Parties may consider
cross-community cultural programs in order to promote the goals
of conciliation in relation to their respective histories.
(d) These programs may include
developing appropriate ways of commemorating those villages and
communities that existed prior to 1949.
Article 8 - Israeli-Palestinian
Cooperation Committee (IPCC)
1. The Parties shall establish
an Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation Committee immediately upon
the entry into force of this agreement. The IPCC shall be a ministerial-level
body with ministerial-level Co-Chairs.
2. The IPCC shall develop and
assist in the implementation of policies for cooperation in areas
of common interest including, but not limited to, infrastructure
needs, sustainable development and environmental issues, cross-border
municipal cooperation, border area industrial parks, exchange
programs, human resource development, sports and youth, science,
agriculture and culture.
3. The IPCC shall strive to
broaden the spheres and scope of cooperation between the Parties.
Article 9 - Designated Road
1. The following arrangements
for Israeli civilian use will apply to the designated roads in
Palestine as detailed in Map X (Road 443, Jerusalem to Tiberias
via Jordan Valley, and Jerusalem -Ein Gedi).
2. These arrangements shall
not prejudice Palestinian jurisdiction over these roads, including
3. The procedures for designated
road use arrangements will be further detailed in Annex X.
4. Israelis may be granted
permits for use of designated roads. Proof of authorization may
be presented at entry points to the designated roads. The sides
will review options for establishing a road use system based
on smart card technology.
5. The designated roads will
be patrolled by the MF at all times. The MF will establish with
the states of Israel and Palestine agreed arrangements for cooperation
in emergency medical evacuation of Israelis.
6. In the event of any incidents
involving Israeli citizens and requiring criminal or legal proceedings,
there will be full cooperation between the Israeli and Palestinian
authorities according to arrangements to be agreed upon as part
of the legal cooperation between the two states. The Parties
may call on the IVG to assist in this respect.
7. Israelis shall not use the
designated roads as a means of entering Palestine without the
relevant documentation and authorization.
8. In the event of regional
peace, arrangements for Palestinian civilian use of designated
roads in Israel shall be agreed and come into effect.
Article 10 - Sites of Religious
1. The Parties shall establish
special arrangements to guarantee access to agreed sites of religious
significance, as will be detailed in Annex X. These arrangements
will apply, inter alia, to the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron
and Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem, and Nabi Samuel.
2. Access to and from the sites
will be by way of designated shuttle facilities from the relevant
border crossing to the sites.
3. The Parties shall agree
on requirements and procedures for granting licenses to authorized
private shuttle operators.
4. The shuttles and passengers
will be subject to MF inspection.
5. The shuttles will be escorted
on their route between the border crossing and the sites by the
6. The shuttles shall be under
the traffic regulations and jurisdiction of the Party in whose
territory they are traveling.
7. Arrangements for access
to the sites on special days and holidays are detailed in Annex
8. The Palestinian Tourist
Police and the MF will be present at these sites.
9. The Parties shall establish
a joint body for the religious administration of these sites.
10. In the event of any incidents
involving Israeli citizens and requiring criminal or legal proceedings,
there will be full cooperation between the Israeli and Palestinian
authorities according to arrangements to be agreed upon. The
Parties may call on the IVG to assist in this respect.
11. Israelis shall not use
the shuttles as a means of entering Palestine without the relevant
documentation and authorization.
12. The Parties shall protect
and preserve the sites of religious significance listed in Annex
X and shall facilitate visitation to the cemeteries listed in
Article 11 - Border Regime
1. There shall be a border
regime between the two states, with movement between them subject
to the domestic legal requirements of each and to the provisions
of this Agreement as detailed in Annex X.
2. Movement across the border
shall only be through designated border crossings.
3. Procedures in border crossings
shall be designed to facilitate strong trade and economic ties,
including labor movement between the Parties.
4. Each Party shall each, in
its respective territory, take the measures it deems necessary
to ensure that no persons, vehicles, or goods enter the territory
of the other illegally.
5. Special border arrangements
in Jerusalem shall be in accordance with Article 6 above.
Article 12 - Water: still
to be completed
Article 13 - Economic Relations:
still to be completed
Article 14 - Legal Cooperation:
still to be completed
Article 15 - Palestinian
Prisoners and Detainees
1. In the context of this Permanent Status Agreement between
Israel and Palestine, the end of conflict, cessation of all violence,
and the robust security arrangements set forth in this Agreement,
all the Palestinian and Arab prisoners detained in the framework
of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict prior to the date of signature
of this Agreement, DD/MM/2003, shall be released in accordance
with the categories set forth below and detailed in Annex X.
(a) Category A: all persons
imprisoned prior to the start of the implementation of the Declaration
of Principles on May 4, 1994, administrative detainees, and minors,
as well as women, and prisoners in ill health shall be released
immediately upon the entry into force of this Agreement.
(b) Category B: all persons
imprisoned after May 4, 1994 and prior to the signature of this
Agreement shall be released no later than eighteen months from
the entry into force of this Agreement, except those specified
in Category C.
(c) Category C: Exceptional
cases - persons whose names are set forth in Annex X - shall
be released in thirty months at the end of the full implementation
of the territorial aspects of this Agreement set forth in Article
Article 16 - Dispute Settlement
1. Disputes related to the interpretation or application of this
Agreement shall be resolved by negotiations within a bilateral
framework to be convened by the High Steering Committee.
2. If a dispute is not settled
promptly by the above, either Party may submit it to mediation
and conciliation by the IVG mechanism in accordance with Article
3. Disputes which cannot be
settled by bilateral negotiation and/or the IVG mechanism shall
be settled by a mechanism of conciliation to be agreed upon by
4. Disputes which have not
been resolved by the above may be submitted by either Party to
an arbitration panel. Each Party shall nominate one member of
the three-member arbitration panel. The Parties shall select
a third arbiter from the agreed list of arbiters set forth in
Annex X either by consensus or, in the case of disagreement,
Article 17 - Final Clauses
Including a final clause providing for a UNSCR/UNGAR resolution
endorsing the agreement and superceding the previous UN resolutions.
The English version of this
text will be considered authoritative.
The ''Geneva Accord''
October 15, 2003
The Geneva Accords are an effort to formulate a
complete final-status agreement, without Sharon's
long-term interim agreements. The agreement is
presented as a draft for the final phase of the “road map" peace plan, which is
due to end in 2005.
The 50-page draft peace agreement was completed over the weekend in
neighboring Jordan by the two delegations, which included current legislators and
former cabinet members on both sides. The proposal offers highly specific
solutions and calls for major compromises on the most sensitive issues that have
torpedoed previous peace efforts, ranging from the status of Palestinian refugees
to Israeli settlements.
No official document has yet been made public to list the agreements reached
between Israeli left-wing politicians and senior Palestinian representatives. Israeli
and Palestinian negotiators hope to sign the "Geneva Accord" in the Swiss city on
November 4, 2003, the eighth anniversary of the assassination of Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The following are concessions agreed to by the sides,
according to media reports.
1. Israel will agree to the establishment of a demilitarized Palestinian state and
will withdraw to the 1967 borders, except for certain territorial exchanges, as
2. Jerusalem will be divided, with Arab (Muslim and Christian) neighborhoods of
East Jerusalem becoming part of the Palestinian state.
3. Temple Mount will be under Palestinian sovereignty, however, in light of the
sanctity of the site and its religious and cultural significance to the Jewish people,
there will be no archaeological digs or construction without the consent of both
sides. The Mount would be transferred to the Palestinians 30 months after the
agreement is signed.
4. An international force stationed permanently will supervise Jerusalem's holy
sites, ensuring freedom of access for visitors of all faiths. However, Jewish prayer
will not be permitted on the mount.
5. The Muslim, Armenian and Christian quarters of the Old City would be
Palestinian. There would be special arrangements to allow Israelis to pass
through the Armenian quarter on their way to the Jewish quarter. The entire Old
City would be open: the borders between the quarters would be marked, but they
would not be separated by physical barriers.
6. Most of West Bank, including the settlements of Ariel, Efrat and Har Homa, all
of Gaza and the Jordan Valley will be turned over to the Palestinians. Israel's
withdrawal from the territories will be completed within 30 months, during which
time the settlements will be dismantled, but the Israel forces will be allowed to
deploy in the Jordan Valley for an additional three years.
7. Israel will transfer to Palestinians parts of the Negev adjacent to Gaza, but not
including Halutza, to the Palestinians in exchange for the parts of the West Bank
it will receive, including Maale Adumim and Gush Etzion.
8. Safe passage route between Gaza and West Bank will be established.
1. Palestinians will waive "right of return" for refugees, except for a limited
number of that will be allowed to settle in Israel, mainly for the purposes of
reuniting families, but this will not be defined as realization of the right of return.
2. Some refugees will remain in the countries where they now live, others will be
absorbed by the PA, some will be absorbed by other countries and some will
receive financial compensation.
3. Western Wall and Jewish Quarter will be under Israeli sovereignty, the “holy
basin" will be under international supervision.
4. Jewish neighborhoods of East Jerusalem, including Pisgat Ze'ev and Ramot as
well as the West Bank suburbs of Givat Ze'ev, Ma'aleh Adumim and the historic
part of Gush Etzion - but not Efrat - will remain under Israeli sovereignty. Jewish
and Arab areas in East Jerusalem would be separated by physical barriers, but the
two parties would consider removing them after three years.
5. The Palestinians will pledge to prevent terror and incitement and disarm all
militias. Their state will be demilitarized, and border crossings will be supervised
by an international, but not an Israeli, force.
6. Palestinians will collect all illegal weaponry.
7. Palestinians will recognize Israel as a Jewish state, and announce an end to
their conflict with Israel.
1. Law and order in the Old City would be maintained by a special international
force that would include Israeli and Palestinian policemen.
2. Visas would be needed to cross from Israeli to Palestinian Jerusalem or vice
versa. Both the Israeli and the Palestinian sections of the city would be
territorially contiguous, without enclaves.
3. The agreement will replace all UN resolutions and previous agreements.
Funding for the Geneva Initiative
11:40 Oct 27, '03 / 1 Cheshvan 5764
Not only Switzerland is involved in paying for the left-wing
Geneva initiative. Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom revealed at
yesterday Cabinet's meeting that France and Belgium, as
well, have offered to foot part of the bill. Shalom said that the
Foreign Ministers of these two countries offered $7 million to
Yossi Beilin, the prime mover of the agreement, for the
purpose of marketing the plan in the international community.
Israel has protested via diplomatic channels against their
intervention in Israel's internal matters, but will not submit a
formal protest. Prime Minister Sharon told the ministers that
efforts must be made against the adoption of the 'Geneva
agreement' and the aid given to it by various European
Swiss Foreign Ministry officials announced two weeks ago
that Switzerland was participating in funding the efforts to
formulate the Geneva document, though they did not disclose
The accord was formulated by Israeli politicians from the
extreme left such as Yossi Beilin, Amram Mitzna and
Avraham Burg, together with Yasser Abed Rabbo of the
Palestinian Authority. They plan to sign the agreement with
great fanfare in Jordan next week, on the eighth anniversary
of Yitzchak Rabin's death.
The document has aroused strong objections from both the
left and right, and in both Israel and the PA. Though the Israeli
signers say that its main advantage is that the Palestinians
have agreed to it, this appears to be a mis-statement. Yasser
Arafat, for instance, said that the agreement does not reflect
the PA's position, and senior PA official Fares Kadura, who
took part in the negotiations, said that the agreement's only
purpose was to cause internal squabbling in Israel. Nabil
Shaath, Fatah official Hussein A-Sheikh, and others have
also come out against the agreement.
The "Palestinian Return Centre" (PRC) convened a
conference in London this month in support of the so-called
"right of return" for Arabs who left Israel in 1948. The
conferees emphasized their allegiance to the Palestinian
Liberation Organization, and rejected the Geneva Agreement.
In its summing-up statement, the conference "expressed its
astonishment how a few persons could assign to
themselves the task of compromising the right of return and
confine it to return to the areas of self-rule or resettlement in
Arab countries... The conference declared that the Palestinian
National Authority is obliged to put an end to the initiatives of
In Israel, President Moshe Katzav said that the Geneva
understanding "sabotages the Road Map plan and interferes
with the government's efforts towards future negotiations with
the PA." Tourism Minister Benny Elon said that Yossi Beilin is
"cooperating with the enemy" in his attempts to advance this
agreement, and Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz has labeled
the Geneva understanding a "dangerous effort that is harmful
to the security of the state." Prof. Shimon Sheetrit, a Labor
Party minister in Yitzchak Rabin's government, told Arutz-7
last week that the contacts between unauthorized persons
and PA officials are harmful to democracy and that the
Attorney-General should take regulatory action.
The Geneva agreement stipulates that 100,000 Jews will be
evicted from their homes in Yesha; that the Temple Mount
and most of eastern Jerusalem will be given over to foreign
control; and that Israel complete its withdrawal from all of
Yesha, except for minor changes, within 30 months. In
exchange, the Arabs are to agree to allow Israel to limit Arab
refugees to 30,000 and others who are eligible for "family
Yossi Beilin has said many times that the full text of the
agreement - a 70-page booklet - will be delivered to every
household in Israel, although the funding for such a
grandiose operation has not yet been revealed. Beilin, a
four-time MK and former Justice Minister, resigned from the
Labor Party late last year after he was relegated to a low spot
on its list of Knesset candidates. He then joined Meretz, but
was not elected to the Knesset.
'Geneva accord' irks Israel
By John Zarocostas
THE WASHINGTON TIMES
GENEVA — Israeli officials are fuming
over Swiss funding for an unofficial
peace agreement negotiated by Israeli
liberals and moderate Palestinians in
Geneva, which will debut later this
month at a signing ceremony with
former President Jimmy Carter.
The Israeli Foreign Ministry called in
the Swiss charge d'affaires early last
week to express its displeasure at the
Swiss foreign minister, Micheline
Calmy-Rey, for funding the project and
promoting the plan in the United
Nations and other diplomatic forums.
The United States, whose approval
the sponsors consider key to the plan's
viability, appeared more open to the
scheme when a copy was presented to
David Satterfield, deputy assistant
secretary of state for Near East affairs.
"We will be reviewing this document
and welcome the interest in advancing
the cause of Middle East peace
exhibited by the participants," said one
U.S. official, who added that
Washington remains committed to the
"road map" peace plan proposed by
President Bush on June 24.
That plan calls for the creation of a
Palestinian state alongside Israel by
The "Geneva accord," as it is being
called, is far more detailed, with 50
pages of annexes, formulas and maps
that tackle issues that have been
deal-breakers in previous peace talks —
such as the final political status of
Jerusalem, Israeli settlements and the
status of Palestinian refugees —
including compensation for the loss of
"You have both sides willing to go to
the end of the road. This is very
significant," said Pierre Allen, dean of
economic and social sciences at the
University of Geneva and a member of
the Swiss academic team that facilitated
the secret two-year discussions
between Israeli and Palestinian teams in
Europe and the Middle East.
Key figures in the initiative included former Israeli Justice
Minister Yossi Beilin and former Palestinian Minister of
Information Yasser Abed Rabbo.
"The road map is the only game in town," said Alexis Keller,
a Geneva-based academic, who also played a key role in the
process but was quick to add the Geneva accord provides
details on how to negotiate the third phase of the road map.
The Geneva accord is "the first time ever you have a
final-status agreement" crafted by Israelis and Palestinians,
Mr. Keller said.
Sources close to the initiative say that getting the Bush
administration's support — and winning the confidence of
Israeli public opinion — are critical if the plan is to ever go
beyond an academic exercise and provide the basis for new
"We can't afford to lose the Bush administration. The
[pro-Israel] hawks are strong," said a source familiar with the
The plan has been roundly condemned by the government
of Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, which has argued
throughout the three-year uprising that the Palestinians
should not be rewarded with negotiations before they get
serious about halting terror attacks on Israel.
"We stress: Israel is committed to President Bush's vision
for the Middle East and to the road map," Israel's ambassador
to the United Nations in Geneva, Yaakov Levy, said in an
"Any efforts to promote alternative initiatives could be
injurious to the road map," he said.
Nevertheless, international diplomatic support for the
scheme has been growing ahead of the Nov. 20 signing
ceremony, with backers claiming support from such foreign
capitals as London, Paris, Brussels and Tokyo.
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said last week that
"grass-roots initiatives which bring ordinary Israelis and
Palestinians together help to create a vision for a common
future," while stressing there is no substitute for official
negotiations between the Sharon government and the
Arab diplomatic sources say the initiative also has the tacit
support of the Palestinian Authority and Palestine Liberation
Organization chief Yasser Arafat.
The Geneva accord envisages the creation of a
nonmilitarized Palestinian state with a strong security force,
its borders based on pre-June 1967 Middle East war lines with
modifications; a corridor between the West Bank and Gaza
that will be under Israeli sovereignty but be permanently
open; and a multinational force to oversee implementation of
The blueprint also envisions mutually recognized capitals in
the area of Jerusalem under their respective sovereignty,
freedom of access to sites of religious and cultural
significance, and a complex formula to determine how many
refugees could return to Israel proper.
New York, 5 November 2003 - Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the
The Secretary-General welcomes the "Geneva Accord" drafted by prominent Israelis and Palestinians, which outlines comprehensive and detailed steps to
resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Such private initiatives, while not a substitute for official diplomatic negotiations between the Government of Israel
and the Palestinian Authority, deserve praise and encouragement as courageous attempts to break the stalemate on both sides and to generate the popular
support needed for peace in the Middle East.
The Secretary-General considers the "Geneva Accord" both consistent and compatible with the Quartet's Road Map, the last phase of which calls for
agreement on such sensitive final status issues as Jerusalem, settlements and refugees.
It is now of paramount importance that the parties start implementing the Road Map provisions without delay.
Nov. 8, 2003
'Dear Yossi and Yasser': Powell praises Geneva Accord
By JPOST.COM STAFF
US Secretary of State Colin Powell praised the Geneva
Initiative in a letter to the authors of the so-called Geneva
Accord, made public Friday.
"[The Administration is] trying to send a message to
Sharon, without saying so explicitly," said former US
mediator Dennis Ross.
"It does reflect a deep concern," former Assistant
Secretary of State Martin Indyk said, referring to the virtual
halt to any active US diplomacy.
Seen as a veiled rebuke to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon,
who has attacked the accord as subversive, Powell's
letter came a week after Deputy US Defense Secretary
Paul Wolfowitz praised another unofficial peace plan
drawn up by Sari Nusseibeh, a prominent Palestinian
moderate, and Ami Ayalon, former head of Israel's Shin
Bet security service. "As Americans, we know there are
times when great changes can extend from the grass
roots," said Wolfowitz after meeting Ayalon and
"Dear Yossi and Yasser," Powell wrote, according to a
copy given to The Associated Press by a Beilin aide. "The
US remains committed to the president's two-state vision
and to the road map, but we also believe that projects
such as yours are important in helping sustain an
atmosphere of hope."
State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said
Friday that Powell wanted to "express appreciation" for
their efforts. "The United States is always encouraged
when there is discussion," he said.
Responding to questions, Boucher said the
administration was not engaged in "some kind of end run
around leaders in the region."
Nor, he said, did the praise undercut the road map.
Dennis Ross, the top US mediator for 12 years, said he
believes Powell was trying to inspire Sharon to get
started on "diplomacy of his own" by praising alternative
efforts. "[Powell and Wolfowitz] are trying to create more formal efforts," he said.
Martin Indyk, a former US ambassador to Israel and a member of former President
Bill Clinton's negotiating team, said he believes Powell's letter "reflects a deep
concern that with nothing happening, the prospects for President Bush's vision of a
two-state solution could also start to disappear."
But, he said of the letter, "it's a weak substitute for doing something serious."
With The Associated Press
Geneva Accord maps out new road to peace
November 24, 2003 8:59 PM
A Swiss-backed peace plan for
the Middle East is to be signed
in Geneva on December 1,
amid opposition from the
The Swiss foreign minister,
Micheline Calmy-Rey, told
swissinfo the accord was not a
substitute for the “road map" but
could provide a new impetus for
The “Geneva Accord" was signed by a former Israeli cabinet minister,
Yossi Beilin, and his Palestinian counterpart, Yasser Abed Rabbo, in
Jordan on October 12, following two years of secret negotiations.
The signing ceremony in Geneva on December 1 will be a symbolic
event, and comes after a campaign to promote the accord among
Israelis and Palestinians.
The Israeli government is firmly opposed to the plan - the prime
minister, Ariel Sharon, insists that the United States-backed “road
map" is the only route to peace in the Middle East.
The accord covers many divisive issues between Israelis and
Palestinians: Jerusalem, a Palestinian state, the right of return for
Palestinian refugees and Jewish settlements.
swissinfo: How did this process start, and what was the
motivation for Switzerland’s involvement?
Micheline Calmy-Rey: Switzerland got involved at the request of the
groups concerned. We support political dialogue between personalities
from civil society, both Israeli and Palestinian. And this is part of
Switzerland’s commitment to peace promotion measures. We are
pursuing such measures in many other countries in the world and it’s
not the only country where we are going to promote peace.
swissinfo: Switzerland has been involved right from the start
then in a supporting role?
M.C-R.: Yes, but Switzerland did not have any influence on the
substance [of the accord]. The Swiss support was logistical and
financial… because we support political dialogue, and we did not
provide mediation. We didn’t make compromises - the compromises
were made by the parties themselves.
swissinfo: How exactly did the facilitator’s role work, what
services did Switzerland provide?
M.C-R.: Financial and logistical support - we made this political
dialogue possible. And you know this commitment to peace promotion
[is something] we are doing in other countries too. Sometimes this
takes the form of facilitation, as in the Geneva Accord, but
sometimes other means are used. For example, good offices or
provision of expert services, or… well, there’s a whole list of those
sorts of actions.
swissinfo: You've been very open about peace promotion on
many occasions. Do you see this as a fundamental part of Swiss
foreign policy, particularly bearing in mind that Switzerland is a
M.C-R.: Switzerland’s commitment to peace promotion is an important
part of our foreign policy. Because of that the groups concerned
came and asked for Switzerland’s support - because we are not
involved in strategic discussions in the country, because we are
neutral, because our support is not provocative, if I can put it like
swissinfo: Do you feel Swiss neutrality is an important factor -
an advantage that Switzerland has?
M.C-R.: I think it was an advantage in this case, but it’s not an
exclusive advantage. Competence and credibility are advantages too,
and I think if we had not had competence and credibility they would
not have asked for our support.
swissinfo: You have been to Britain and the United States
recently, where you were looking for support for the Geneva
Accord. What sort of reaction did you get?
M.C-R.: I think the reaction has been on the whole positive. Take the
example of Israel first - 39 per cent of the population, of the Israeli
people, are in favour, according to a survey.
In Britain the prime minister and the foreign minister publicly
welcomed this initiative. In America, some reactions were neutral
ones, and others recognised the merit of this initiative [such as US
Secretary of State] Colin Powell. I think this initiative has had quite
positive reactions around the world.
swissinfo: How does the Swiss government view the accord? Is
this a replacement for the [US-backed] road map, or something
M.C-R.: It complements the road map. It answers questions that are
not solved by the road map, so it could be considered a useful
swissinfo: What about the Israeli government? The prime
minister, Ariel Sharon, has refused even to accept a copy of the
accord. What is your reaction? Is there anything you would like
to say to him?
M.C-R.: It’s not my place to deliver any message. The only thing I
want to underline is that this text is a kind of service given by the
authors to the authorities, who may find themselves in a situation
where the text might be useful to them. So it’s a service and that’s
all, and that’s the only thing I want to underline.
swissinfo: Are you personally optimistic about this accord?
M.C-R.: Yes I am. You know, this text is a hope for peace. This text
is a little light in the darkness, and I hope, I really hope, that it will be
useful for peace.
The people who are now discussing together, who made these
compromises; many of them have suffered from the conflict. Many of
them have lost friends or loved ones, and it was very difficult for
them to make compromises. It was very difficult to enter into that
process and to go beyond the feelings one has in that situation, and
to work with reason in order to find solutions. And I am very proud
that Switzerland can support such a political dialogue, and I hope
that this little light will be lasting.
swissinfo: What’s the next step after the signing ceremony in
Geneva on December 1?
M.C-R.: The signing is a public commitment. [After that] the authors
of the text will set about in explaining the text [to the Israeli and
Palestinian populations], to defend the compromises they reached
together, and in that way the ceremony in Geneva is not an end, it’s
the beginning of the process.
swissinfo-interview: Imogen Foulkes
Jimmy Carter: Camp David to the Geneva
November 24, 2003 7:50 AM
The former American
president, Jimmy Carter, has
offered his backing to the
Geneva Accord, an unofficial
peace treaty for the
Palestinians and the Israelis.
Carter told swissinfo that the
accord could help boost the
United States-backed road map,
but added that the US must rein
in its perceived pro-Israeli bias.
The unofficial peace plan is backed by a number of Israeli and
Palestinian personalities, and the Swiss government has offered
financial and logistical support to the initiative.
But the accord, which will be launched in Geneva on December 1, has
attracted severe criticism from Israel’s government and Jewish
groups, as well as Palestinian factions.
Carter, who was US president from 1977 to 1981, was awarded the
Nobel peace prize in 2002 for his work in mediating conflicts.
swissinfo: President Carter, why did you decide to accept
Switzerland’s invitation to attend the signing of the Geneva
Jimmy Carter: The Carter Center has been informed for several years
about the good work being done by the parties involved in this
accord, and for the last few months, I’ve had a representative at the
Furthermore, I’ve been very discouraged and disappointed by the lack
of progress in the so-called road map process. Israelis and
Palestinians have not made any movement toward peace. In
particular, there is continued settlement activity.
What the Geneva Accord does envisage is quite accurately
compatible with the ultimate goal of the road map and the Oslo
accords of 1993.
swissinfo: Some parties have criticised the role of Switzerland
as an instigator and promoter of this document. Do you believe
that it is appropriate for a country such as Switzerland to get
J.C.: We are very grateful to the Swiss. I note that Oslo was a major
step towards peace, and that it was almost entirely done by the
Norwegians without much support from the United States.
swissinfo: President Bill Clinton was also invited but has not yet
accepted the Swiss invitation. No one from the Bush
administration will attend the signing. In your view, would it be
important that Clinton and the Bush administration attend the
J.C.: Yes, I would like very much for them to attend. I am pleased
that the Bush administration has not condemned the Geneva Accord.
My guess is that there will be growing support for it, both in Israel
swissinfo: Proponents of the Geneva Accord say that it is largely
based on the proposals Clinton made to Ehud Barak and Yasser
Arafat at Camp David in 2000. Is that correct?
J.C.: It’s a continuation of Camp David. Now, the proposals that were
made at Camp David were unacceptable to the Palestinians.
Yasser Arafat could not have survived politically if he had accepted
those proposals. They still maintained a wide array of settlements in
Gaza and the West Bank.
Also, there was no tangible solution to the Jerusalem and refugee
issues. But it was a base, and the Geneva Accord is a culmination of
all previous accords that have been passed.
swissinfo: The authors of the Geneva accord also say that their
document is a comprehensive one that deals with all the issues
including refugees, settlements, and the status of Jerusalem.
What is your assessment of the text of the accord itself?
J.C: Generally speaking, it seems to me that it is a positive step
based on concessions on both sides. I note that the dispositions on
returnees will have to be approved by the Israeli government.
It’s also a good step forward on the issue of settlements. For the first
time, it is provided that settlers could stay in their homes on
There’s also the removal of outlying Israeli settlements that are illegal
in the first place.
swissinfo: Is the Geneva Accord the best agreement that can be
achieved right now?
J.C.: It’s the best we can get at this point and it is a very difficult
thing to do to make these concessions.
swissinfo: Looking at the situation on the ground, it seems like
the road map, sponsored by the United States, Russia, the
European Union and the United Nations, is not working. What is
needed in order to get out of the current impasse?
J.C.: The Geneva Accord is quite compatible with the ultimate goal of
the roadmap. The step-by-step process is what has killed the road
The Israeli government has not been willing to take the first steps
such as dismantling settlements and that has spurred Palestinian
violence. But I believe the Geneva Accord provides a picture of what
can be done.
swissinfo: In Switzerland, as in other countries in western
Europe, there is a widespread view that, especially since Bush
entered the White House, the US favours Israel to the detriment
of the Palestinians. Do you share that view?
J.C.: President Bush is the first American president, since the
foundation of Israel, who has taken a position strongly biased to the
It has not been easy for his predecessors in the US who have been
criticised every time they criticised the US policy in the Middle East or
the Israeli government. What is needed is a set of balanced
Unfortunately, President Bush has almost invariably sided with Prime
Minister Sharon, or when Sharon has refused to accept Washington’s
proposals, Washington has, in effect, ignored what Israel did
There have been a few weak statements from the Bush administration
on settlements and the fence, but no real effort to do more.
swissinfo-interview: Marie-Christine Bonzom in Washington
Nov. 25, 2003
MK Yuli Edelstein's 'Logan Act' to Knesset
By NINA GILBERT
An initiative for the Knesset to legislate a law, similar to the
US's Logan Act, to prohibit citizens from interfering in the
government's foreign relations is to be expedited.
Yuli Edelstein (Likud) received permission Monday to
advance a private member's bill on the subject.
Edelstein and Moshe Kahlon (Likud) initiated the
legislation in reaction to the Geneva Accord reached
between a group of leftist politicians led by Yossi Beilin
and a Palestinian Authority team headed by former
information minister Yasser Abed Rabbo. The document
is to be signed Monday in Geneva.
Edelstein is aiming to bring the bill for a preliminary vote
next Wednesday. Under the proposed amendment to the
Penal Code, a person who has contact with a foreign
country without the consent of his government, and thereby
interferes with its policies and influences the policies of a
foreign government toward a conflict with Israel, would be
subject to a three-year jail sentence or a fine.
In the US, the 200-year-old measure has gone largely
Edelstein conceded that the bill could not be implemented
retroactively against Beilin and his partners, but said that
its advancement now would at least send a message. He
said the bill is likely to win wide support because it is in
the interest of any government in office.
The Geneva Accord is "an unprecedented case" of
individuals conducting foreign policy, he said. Their
actions have caused Israel "irreparable international
damage," he added.
The House Committee agreed Monday to waive the 45-day
waiting period for Yudelstein's bill. Kahlon did not ask for a
waiver for his bill, but can raise his proposal with
Justice Minister Yosef Lapid did not oppose Edelstein's
request to advance the bill. The Ministerial Committee on
Legislation will meet on Sunday to determine its position.
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