And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail,
and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.
So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous such as there was none
like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. -- Exodus 9:23,24
At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail stones and coals of
fire. The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice; hail stones
and coals of fire. -- Psalms 18:13,14
Fire, and hail; snow, and vapour; stormy wind fulfilling his word. -- Psalms 148:8
The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they
were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass
was burnt up. -- Revelation 8:7
"The phenomenon of 'blood' raining from the sky has also been observed in limited
areas and on a small scale...One of these occasions, according to Pliny, was during the
consulship of Manius Acilius and Gaius Porcius. Babylonians, too, recorded red dust and
rain falling from the sky; instances of 'bloody rain' have been recorded in divers
countries. The red dust, soluble in water, falling from the sky in water drops, does not
originate in clouds, but must come for volcanic eruptions or from cosmic spaces. The fall
of meteorite dust is a phenomenon generally know to take place mainly after the passage of
meteorites; this dust is found on the snow of mountains and in polar regions."
Linking the events in Exodus to the earth passing through the tail of a comet, the
author continues "Following the red dust, a 'small dust,' like 'ashes of the
furnace,' fell 'in all the land of Egypt' (Exo 9:8), and then a shower of meteorites flew
toward the earth. Our planet entered deeper into the tail of the comet. the dust was a
forerunner of the gravel. There fell 'a very grievous hail, such as has not been in Egypt
since its foundations' (Exo 9:18). Stones of 'barad,' here translated 'hail,' is, as in
most places where mentioned in the Scriptures, the term for meteorites. We are also
informed by Midrashic and Talmudic sources that the stones which fell on Egypt were hot;
this fits only meteorites, not a hail of ice. In the Scriptures it is said that these
stones fell 'mingled with fire' (Exo 9:24)... and that their fall was accompanied by 'loud
noises' (kolot), rendered as 'thunderings'..."
"The Mexican Annals of Cuauhtitlan describe how a cosmic catastrophe was
accompanied by a hail of stones; in the oral tradition of the Indians, too, the motif is
repeated time and again: In some ancient epoch the sky 'rained, not water, but fire and
red-hot stones,' which is not different from the Hebrew tradition.
"Crude petroleum is composed of two elements, carbon and hydrogen...The tails of
comets are composed mainly of carbon and hydrogen gases. Lacking oxygen, they do not burn
in flight, but the inflammable gases, passing through an atmosphere containing oxygen,
will be set on fire. If carbon and hydrogen gases, or vapor of a composition of these two
elements, enter the atmosphere in huge masses, a part of them will burn, binding all the
oxygen available at the moment; the rest will escape combusion, but in swift transition
will become liquid. Falling on the ground, the substance, if liquid, would sink into the
pores of the sand and into clefts between the rocks; falling on water, it would remain
floating if the fire in the air is extinguished before new supplies of oxygen arrive from
other regions." Could a comet have passed very close to the earth and deposited all
that crude oil in the middle east during the time of the Exodus?
The following are oral and written traditions from all over the world that lend
credence to the above hypothesis:
Popul-Vuh, the sacred book of the Mayas, narrates: "It was ruin and
destruction...the sea was piled up...it was a great inundation...people were drowned in a
sticky substance raining from the sky...The face of the earth grew dark and the gloomy
rain endured days and nights...And then there was a great din of fire above their
The Manuscript Quiche from the people of Mexico: "There descended from the
sky a rain of bitumen and of a sticky substance...The earth was obscured and it rained day
and night. And men ran hither and thither and were as if seized by madness; they tried to
climb to the roofs, and the houses crashed down; they tried to climb the trees, and the
trees cast them far away; and when they tried to escape in caves and caverns, these were
The Annals of Cuauhtitlan speaks of an "age which ended in the rain of
In Siberia, the Voguls record: "God sent a sea of fire upon the earth...The cause
of the fire they call 'the fire-water.'"
In the East Indies, the aboriginal tribes state that "water of fire" rained
from the sky; "with very few exceptions, all men died."
The Papyrus Ipuwer: "Gates, columns, and walls are consumed by fire. The sky is in
confusion." The fire almost "exterminated mankind."
Midrash Tanhuma, Midrash Psikta Raboti, Midrash Wa-Yosha "state that naphtha,
together with hot stones, poured down upon Egypt. 'The Egyptians refused to let the
Israelites go, and He poured out naphtha over them, burning blains [blisters].' It was a
'stream of hot naphtha.' Naphtha is petroleum in Aramaic and Hebrew.
(Worlds in Collision, Immanuel Velikovsky)
We are aware that a majority of interpreters maintain that the results of this first
Trumpet are not literal. They seem as anxious to get rid of the miraculous and the
supernatural from Interpretation, as the Rationalists are to eliminate it from
Inspiration. But why, unless the plagues of Egypt also were not literal plagues, we cannot
understand. Again we ask, Why should not these be literal judgments which are to come on
the earth? What is the difficulty? God has said concerning the events of the day of the
Lord, "I will show wonders in heaven above and signs in the earth beneath, blood and
fire" (Joel ii. 30). How He will do this we are here told.
To explain this away is to manifest a want of faith in the power of God, and in the
Word of God. Such things have taken place on earth. Why should they not take place again?
Cicero [De Div., ii. 27] tells us that word was brought to the Roman Senate,
on one occasion, that it had rained blood, and that the river Atratus had flowed with
On August 17, 1819, Dr. Seiss [The Apocalypse: A Series of Special Lectures on the
Revelation of Jesus Christ, Lecture 18, c1881] tells us that "Captain Ross saw
the mountains at Baffin's Bay covered for eight miles with blood-red snow many feet in
depth." Also that Saussare found it on Mount St. Bernard, in 1778; that Ramond found
it on the Pyrenees; and Summerfield in Norway.
(Regarding the 10 plagues of Egypt) "...Behold, tomorrow when the sun passes this
point,"--whereat Moses made a stroke upon the wall--"I will cause a very
grievous hail to pour down, such as will be only once more, when I annihilate Gog with
hail, fire, and brimstone."
Moses went a short distance out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands
unto the Lord, for he did not desire to pray to God within, where there were many idols
and images. At once the hail remained suspended in the air. Part of it dropped down while
Joshua was engaged in battle with the Amorites, and the rest God will send down in his
fury against Gog.
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